Lebanon Protesters Set Embassy Afire
Monday, February 6, 2006
BEIRUT, Feb. 5 -- Thousands of Muslim protesters, enraged over the publication of caricatures of Islam's prophet Muhammad, set ablaze the Danish Embassy on Sunday and rampaged through a predominantly Christian neighborhood, escalating sectarian tensions in a country whose melange of faiths can sometimes serve as a microcosm of the world's religious divide.
The unrest, which involved as many as 20,000 protesters, was some of the worst in Lebanon in years, and leaders from across the political and religious spectrums appealed for calm. In vain, some Muslim clerics tried to step into the hours-long fray to end the clashes, which news agencies said left at least one demonstrator dead and 30 wounded.
But in the streets, fistfights broke out between Christian and Muslim Lebanese after protesters threw rocks at a Maronite Catholic Church, broke windows at the Lebanese Red Cross office and shattered windshields of cars. Bands of Christian youths congregated with sticks and iron bars, promising to defend their neighborhoods.
"Those who are committing these acts have nothing to do with Islam or with Lebanon," Lebanese Prime Minister Fuad Siniora told Lebanon's Future Television before the protests ended. "This is absolutely not the way we express our opinions."
The unrest in Lebanon, mired in its own political uncertainty, was the latest turn in a controversy that has spread worldwide following the publication of the cartoons in Denmark and other Western countries and showed no signs of ebbing Sunday. Demonstrators took to the streets in Afghanistan, Iraq, the West Bank and New Zealand. A day earlier, protesters burned the Danish and Norwegian embassies in Syria after charging past security barriers.
The Islamic Army in Iraq, a Sunni Arab insurgent group, issued an Internet statement calling for attacks on Danish companies and nationals. The group urged followers to "catch some Danish people and cut them into pieces." There are about 500 Danish soldiers in Iraq.
In their scope and vitriol, the protests say much about the state of relations between the West and the Muslim world in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in the United States. The anger was ignited by 12 caricatures of the prophet Muhammad that were commissioned in September by a Danish newspaper to challenge Islam's ban on depicting the prophet. Along with picturing him, some lampooned him. After protests began, other European papers reprinted the cartoons.
They declared it an issue of freedom of expression, a cornerstone of democratic values; many Muslims cast it as another insult in a growing conflict that is most often reflected here through the lens of a religious struggle with an American-led West.
"What are you going to do?" asked a leaflet circulated in Beirut that called for Sunday's protest.
"Bush and his group have invaded and are fighting war by all means available," it added. "The goal: destroying the Islamic nation ideologically, economically and existentially, and stealing and looting its resources."
The protests in Lebanon came in response to calls issued in mosques Friday and in similar leaflets circulated in Beirut and other cities. Most stayed peaceful. But bands broke through police lines at the Danish Embassy, and hundreds of other protesters surged through nearby streets, waving green religious flags and shouting, "God is greatest." Police shot into the air and fired tear gas and water cannons at protesters, who threw stones, set ablaze firetrucks and overturned police vehicles. More than 150 were arrested, according to news service reports.
The Danish Embassy was gutted and its granite facade scorched. Acrid black smoke spilled out of its windows hours later, as firefighters tried to contain the blaze. Workers swept up glass that littered the streets of the neighborhood of Ashrafiyeh.