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DeLay Departing on Own Terms

But DeLay -- as well as his associates -- said the decision resulted from his desire to avoid a defeat at the hands of voters in his district rather than a calculated effort to deflect any investigation.

GOP leaders were quick to praise the man who helped secure Republican control of the House and turn Washington into a bastion of Republican support. But when pushed, several Republicans conceded that DeLay bore some responsibility for the scandals that drove him from power -- scandals that reached into his House leadership offices.

"At the end of the day, the members are responsible for what happens in their offices and are responsible for their staff," said House Majority Leader John A. Boehner (R-Ohio), who now occupies the leadership suite where Rudy and Abramoff say they traded funds and favor for legislative action. "And clearly, there were several . . . former staffers for Tom who ran off the road, and it is sad and unfortunate."

DeLay's potential legal challenges have increased in the past three months, as Abramoff, Scanlon and Rudy struck deals with a federal task force to gain reduced prison terms in exchange for their cooperation in a continuing public corruption probe. DeLay alluded in a Time magazine interview this week to being "hit" as a result of Abramoff's guilty plea in January.

As a government official familiar with the investigation said, a noteworthy aspect of the plea deals is the "dramatic premium" the Justice Department evidently places on obtaining information that might implicate others. For DeLay, this official said, "the federal case is going to get worse before it gets better."

But Richard Cullen, a key member of DeLay's defense team, said the resignation decision was not provoked by anything federal investigators have recently said. Several of DeLay's associates said that yesterday's announcement was jarring only to those not privy to DeLay's political anxieties stretching back to the 2004 race, when he won by his slimmest margin ever. "You get concerned" when you barely win against a middling opponent, a top DeLay adviser said.

Starting in December, DeLay's private polling pointed out serious political problems. At first, it suggested a roughly even voter split with former congressman Nick Lampson, the Democratic nominee. But it also showed that nearly eight in 10 voters were already firmly decided on one of the two candidates -- a rarity for a House race, especially considering that the general election was 11 months away. That meant changing minds would be costly.

The March 7 primary in which DeLay defeated three little-known Republicans with 62 percent provided a temporary boost for his campaign. But a poll DeLay commissioned two weeks ago to measure his progress with voters since December found no shift in the overall electorate since January.

That survey stoked concern in the DeLay operation because he had experienced a relatively positive run of media coverage in the past few months, and some fretted that if that was his high-water mark, he would be hard-pressed to win in November. The tally weighed heavily on DeLay after it was presented to him last week.

Rep. Henry Bonilla (R-Tex.), one of DeLay's strongest allies, said that although the former majority leader had "a sense of euphoria" after winning his primary race, this elation evaporated after he realized he would have to raise as much as $10 million to compete in the general election.

DeLay discussed his decision with Cullen last Wednesday, and he started informing others about it on Thursday. Few lawmakers or associates tried to talk him out of it, one of his advisers and others said.

"I don't think there was encouragement [for him to leave], but I think there's a great deal of relief," Feehery said. "It was a soap opera, and people are tired of soap operas. They want to get to work."

With DeLay expected to be out of Congress by mid-June, the National Republican Congressional Committee and Texas Republican officials expressed confidence that Republicans could easily retain a district that gave President Bush 64 percent of the vote in 2004. Former GOP congressman Steve Stockman, who threatened to run in the general election as an independent, said he may run as a Republican instead, joining a wide field of potential DeLay successors. They include Sugar Land Mayor David Wallace, who is organizing a campaign; Harris County Judge Robert Eckels; Tom Campbell, the second-place finisher in last month's Texas primary; Houston City Council member Shelley Sekula-Gibbs; former state district judge John Devine; and state Rep. Robert Talton.

DeLay said he would move his official residence to Alexandria and vowed to stay involved in grass-roots conservative causes and expand a foster-care program he started in Texas.

Friends and associates of DeLay say they think he can make a prosperous future for himself as a corporate-paid legislative strategist, book author and speaker. staff writer Chris Cillizza in Washington and Post staff writers Juliet Eilperin, Jim VandeHei and Jeffrey H. Birnbaum in Washington and Sylvia Moreno in Sugar Land, Tex., contributed to this report.

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