Onward and Upward: Architects Envision New Orleans Rising From the Waters
Saturday, April 29, 2006
In a child's eyes, rebuilding New Orleans couldn't be simpler. Put the city on a hill.
Such an image, drawn in crayon by a New Orleans grade-schooler, inspired one of the most powerful designs in an exhibition of visionary post-Katrina architecture opening today at the National Building Museum. The show is called "Newer Orleans: A Shared Space."
The child, listed only as "Courtney S.," imagined people walking to safety up a hill they didn't have. After seeing the drawing, the Dutch architectural firm MVRDV devised a multistory school tucked inside a grassy, man-made mound. All the usual functions -- classrooms, cafeteria, library -- are stacked within the hill, which would double as a playground. Places that children would congregate are well above sea level. Windows and balconies poke out of the sides like spokes on a sputnik. It's a funky-looking structure, but entirely buildable.
The point of the exhibition is to propel visitors beyond catastrophe. As the wall text promises, this is "architecture that can give New Orleans hope."
Six proposals -- shown through intricate models, renderings, blueprints, sketches and politically charged factoids -- offer ways in which innovative design can revive a sense of community and build a stronger connection with nature.
In the re-imagined city, mangrove trees flourish in a vast, welcoming park; levee embankments are recast as picnic grounds; and civic pride finds expression in a public library so wildly creative that it would supplant the Superdome as the city's most notorious architectural icon. And children get a safe haven for a school.
The exhibition was organized in six weeks by a transatlantic brain trust including Reed Kroloff, Tulane University's dean of architecture and a member of the New Orleans recovery team; Aaron Betsky, an American who heads the Netherlands Architecture Institute in Rotterdam; and Tim Griffin, editor of Artforum magazine, the March issue of which serves as the exhibition catalogue.
"There is an absolute necessity for visionary thinking," says Betsky, former curator of architecture at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. He came to Washington for a preview Thursday.
The exhibition is tightly focused. A select group of high-profile U.S. and Dutch firms were asked to address three specific problems: the design of an elementary school in a poor neighborhood; the restoration of City Park, an unkempt and now-contaminated public green in central New Orleans; and the creation of an architectural symbol as powerful as the Washington Monument.
The American firms are Morphosis, Hargreaves Associates and Huff + Gooden Architects; chosen from the Netherlands were UN Studio and West 8 Urban Design and Landscape Architecture, along with MVRDV. All are highly regarded for unconventional approaches to structures, urban design and the reinvention of landscapes. There is no expectation that any of the designs will be realized, or even that any of the designers might become part of the actual rebuilding, although one can always hope.
The search for a symbol to represent the future produced an exploded ziggurat by UN Studio. The staggered form would house a multimedia library and civic offices while incorporating a vertical garden unlike any seen in the Garden District.
The central park flooded by Katrina becomes a major opportunity for psychic healing in the conceptual plan by Adriaan Geuze of West 8. The land would be desalinated and restored in phases, serving as a tree farm for the city and later becoming an environmentally sound delta of serpentine creeks crossed by 1,000 pedestrian bridges. The path of the hurricane would be marked with a progression of tidal pools, which he calls the Katrina Trace Memorial.