North Korea's Missile Arsenal
Tuesday, July 4, 2006; 5:55 PM
North Korea has hundreds of short-, intermediate- and long-range range missiles that could reach South Korea and Japan, experts say. The following is information about the North Korean missile program based on reports by experts in the field.
North Korea has more than 800 ballistic missiles. It has sold missiles overseas, with Iran being one of the large purchasers.
There are more than 600 Scud missiles of various types and 200 Rodong missiles.
The Scud-type missiles include the Hwasong-5, with a range of about 300 km (190 miles) and the Hwasong-6, with a range of about 500 km.
The Rodong has an estimated range of 1,000-1,400 km. In addition, the country has short-range missiles called the KN-02 which can travel 100-120 km.
The Taepodong-1 is a multi-stage missile with an estimated range of about 2,000-2,300 km. It uses liquid fuel. This missile was likely shot over Japan in 1998.
The Taepodong-2 is a multi-stage missile which has been under development. With a possible range of 3,500-4,300 km, it could put parts of Alaska in range. The range could extend to 5,000-7,000 km, or even longer depending on North Korea's engine technologies and payload, experts have said.
The Taepodong-X is a solid fuel missile with an estimated range of 2,500-4,000 km and could reach U.S. bases in Japan and Guam.
North Korea does not have an operational missile that can hit the continental United States, many experts have said.
SUPPLIERS OF TECHNOLOGY
North Korea began its missile programme in cooperation with the former Soviet Union in the early 1960s. North Korea eventually obtained Soviet Scud-B missiles, with the consensus view being they came from Egypt between 1976 and 1981.
In the mid-1970s, Beijing and Pyongyang cooperated in the development of a 600-km range ballistic missile.
ACCURACY AND PAYLOAD
Most analysts agree North Korea is some time away from building a nuclear warhead small enough to fit on a missile. The accuracy of its mid- to long-range missiles is also suspect.
ATTACK ON NORTH KOREA'S ARSENAL
It would be difficult to locate and destroy North Korea's KN-02, Hwasong, Rodong and Taepodong-X missiles because of their mobility, quantity and relatively short launch preparation times, experts say.
But Taepodong-1 and Taepodong-2 missiles are designed to be launched from fixed sites that are known to U.S. and South Korean forces and are vulnerable to attack. Launch preparations can also be viewed from spy satellites.
Sources: Center for Nonproliferation Studies, South Korean Defence Ministry, Rand, National Air and Space Intelligence Center