Scandal Grows Over Backdating Of Options
Thursday, October 12, 2006
The heads of three well-known technology companies lost their jobs this week as the result of a scandal sweeping through the business world over the improper backdating of stock options, a practice often designed to inflate the value of stock grants to employees.
Internet news publisher Cnet Networks Inc., security software firm McAfee Inc. and online recruitment service Monster Worldwide Inc. announced the resignation or retirement of their chief executives, all apparently over concerns about how the companies granted stock options.
The three are the latest of at least 135 companies to acknowledge or be investigated for backdating stock options, which typically involves picking dates for stock grants when the purchase price was low, so that when the stock is sold, the holder can make more money. The practice is not illegal as long as the options are properly accounted for on company earnings sheets and tax returns.
According to the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Justice Department, however, a number of companies have not followed the rules. Federal authorities have filed fraud charges against executives at two technology companies, and they continue to investigate many firms.
The investigations are sending shock waves through the tech community, where stock options have long been a key tool for luring talent to start-ups.
"The primary concern in [Silicon] Valley is how many CEOs will be fired, and how many will be indicted," said Kirk O. Hanson, executive director of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University.
Though the scandal lacks Enron's hubris or Tyco's Saturnalian excess, the consequences are grave: Cnet founder Shelby W. Bonnie resigned yesterday as chief executive and apologized for his role in the backdating options. The company issued an internal report that said Cnet backdated options from 1996 through 2003 and partially blamed Bonnie.
Also yesterday, McAfee fired its president, Kevin Weiss, and announced that chief executive George Samenuk was retiring. Earlier in the week, Monster's chief executive, Andrew J. McKelvey, resigned. Last week, Apple Computer Inc. announced the resignation of board member Fred D. Anderson over stock option issues.
Though many of the higher-profile companies under scrutiny are tech firms in Silicon Valley, the SEC and Justice Department are casting their nets widely, investigating companies as varied as Home Depot Inc. and Cheesecake Factory Inc. The SEC said in testimony to Congress last month that it is investigating more than 100 companies for possible fraudulent reporting of option grants.
"As the use of options compensation has increased, however, so apparently has its abuse," SEC enforcement director Linda Thompson testified. "This practice benefits employees at the expense of shareholders."
Former Comverse Technology Inc. chief executive Kobi Alexander is awaiting extradition from Namibia on federal charges related to his company's options practices. Former Brocade Communications Systems Inc. chief executive Gregory L. Reyes also faces federal charges.
How does backdating work?