A 99-Tuba Salute
Tuesday, December 5, 2006
LOS ANGELES In the back pages of the Los Angeles Times, they ran an obituary for a guy named Tommy Johnson, who died in October at 71 of complications from cancer and kidney failure. Accompanying the obit was a picture of a big, beefy lug grinning in a loud sports jacket. If you looked closely, you could see the man had lips.
You have likely never heard of Tommy Johnson, but it turns out that Johnson was, and still is, according to everyone who would know, "the most heard tubist on the planet."
A first-chair studio musician in Hollywood for 50 years, Johnson played on thousands of recordings -- jingles, commercials, television shows like "The Flintstones," and films. His tuba can be heard on hundreds of movie soundtracks, including "The Godfather" and "Titanic" and, most memorably, the John Williams scores for Steven Spielberg's "Close Encounters of the Third Kind," the "Indiana Jones" trilogy and "Jaws."
Many ears that listen to the predatory bum-bum-bum-bum of the marauding shark -- and then those braying squeals of the feeding frenzy -- would swear they are listening to a French horn. But what they are hearing is Johnson. He is Jaws. Swim for your lives! The shark is a tuba.
On Sunday afternoon at Bovard Auditorium on the campus of the University of Southern California, a selection of the country's finest tuba players gathered for a memorial concert for Tommy Johnson. When the conductor promised the full house this was a performance never attempted before, "and something you may never see again," he wasn't kidding.
It is not every day that 99 tubas take the stage. One could almost hear the floorboards groan with anticipatory pleasure.
They came to honor their fallen tuba king. Before the concert, at the stage door, there were many large men lumbering with heavy burdens. Admittedly, there is a kind of "Sopranos" look to the players. Wiseguys packing oversize black cases. Made men. They seemed like they might like to spend an occasional afternoon at the track.
The tuba is a bighearted instrument that takes a lot of breath, a lot of cheek to play (uncurled, the contrabass tuba is 16 feet long), and though some tiny people play tuba very well (take Carol Jantsch, 21, the youngest member of the Philadelphia Orchestra), the stereotype holds.
|Johnson with a sousaphone on the set of the film "Charlie's Angels." His tuba solo for "Jaws" is universally recognized.(Courtesy Stephen Oberheu)|
Regardless, many people who think they are familiar with the tuba are not. The wraparound instrument in marching bands is actually a sousaphone, a kissing cousin to the tuba (and designed by the march composer John Philip Sousa). And when many people think of tuba music (if they think of tuba at all), they think: oompah! The music of merrymaking Tirolean taverngoers in lederhosen playing Bavarian beer-bonging songs.
But there is more. Is not the tuba the Jackie Gleason, the John Belushi, of instruments? The biggest-boned of the brass, true, but not without grace.
Johnson's nephew, Stephen James Taylor, a successful Los Angeles composer, told the audience that "Tommy reinvented the tuba." For example, Johnson is believed to have been the first tubist to perform Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's "Flight of the Bumble Bee," the super-fast, frantic, uninterrupted run of sixteenth notes. Only a madman would attempt it on a tuba! But Johnson did.