Safety Group Wants Automakers to Steer Clear of Hands-Free Devices
The Center for Auto Safety wants federal regulators to restrict the use of systems that carmakers are building into their vehicles so motorists can't make phone calls or fiddle with other interactive gear while they drive.
The nonprofit group filed a petition yesterday with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, asking the agency to write rules prohibiting the use of such built-in systems while a vehicle is in motion. The group said traffic accidents will increase if drivers pay more attention to their personal affairs than to the road.
The systems, which include OnStar from General Motors, and Sync, which Ford introduced earlier this month, allow drivers to have wireless access to security features, navigational aids -- and increasingly a wide array of entertainment. This means they don't have to bring their own phones or music players into the car.
Demand for mapping services is expected to grow to $12 billion in 2009, compared with $8.3 billion in 2004, estimates the Freedonia Group, a Cleveland research company. "Our point is when it comes to electronic communication, we want the safety part to work and the unsafe gadgets to not work," said Clarence Ditlow, executive director of the District-based center, which was founded in 1970 by consumer activist Ralph Nader and Consumers Union. The idea, he said, is "you would shift into drive and the cell service goes off."
The concern over tech gear sets up a clash between automakers who have been steadily adding electronic features and those who point to research showing the equipment is unsafe.
A 2005 British Medical Journal study, for instance, found that cellphone use increased the risk of an accident fourfold and that keeping both hands on the steering wheel failed to improve safety. And NHTSA has done several research reports on the distraction issue.
No federal rules govern the use of cellphones or other personal wireless devices in vehicles. New York, Connecticut, New Jersey and the District allow only hands-free cellphone use while driving, while 11 states ban school bus drivers from using wireless phones, and eight ban teenage drivers from doing so.
NHTSA's policy has been "that auto and equipment manufacturers need to take into account what the impact might be on distracting the driver," spokesman Rae Tyson said. He said the agency can regulate equipment built into the car by the original maker. It has no jurisdiction over what the owner installs.
The potential market for enhanced wireless use in vehicles is substantial, as there are 225 million wireless subscribers in the country, according to the CTIA, a wireless industry organization.
The District-based group, which represents cellphone carriers and equipment makers, recommends hands-free use of phones and says drivers often use cellphones from cars to seek help during emergencies.
Car companies see profit and practicality in offering new in-car systems that deliver wireless services.
"People are doing this anyway, so the question is how can you enable them to do it more safely on the road," said Nick Twork, a Ford spokesman.