Canada Joins Gates in AIDS Vaccine Fight

The Associated Press
Tuesday, February 20, 2007; 10:21 PM

TORONTO -- The Canadian government and Bill Gates announced an initiative Tuesday to establish a research institute to develop an AIDS vaccine, committing a total of $119 million to the project.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper said his government has pledged $95.3 million to a new fund called the Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative, while the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has promised up to $24 million.

Gates' $33 billion foundation has become a world leader in fighting AIDS and other epidemic diseases as well as extreme poverty, particularly in the developing world.

"Between Canada and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, we will contribute to the effort to develop a safe, effective, affordable and globally accessible HIV vaccine," Harper said alongside Gates in the capital, Ottawa.

"HIV/AIDS is one of the most heart-wrenching health crises the world has ever seen," said Harper. "It is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our time."

The money will help build a new research facility and support Canadian scientists to work with partners around the world. The goal is the manufacture of a preventative vaccine within a decade.

It will be the world's first such research center with production capacity and will manufacture experimental vaccines for clinical trials worldwide, the government said.

It's not yet clear which city will host the new facility. A spokeswoman for Health Minister Tony Clement said the government will be accepting proposals from the provinces.

Gates noted that the Canadian initiative would come under the umbrella of the Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise, a global alliance of independent organizations established in 2003 that is dedicated to the development of a preventative HIV vaccine.

"At that time, we recognized that no single company or government alone could take on this challenge, that in fact a number of organizations would need to work together," said the Microsoft co-founder.

The Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise estimates there were nearly 5 million new HIV infections in 2005, and that nearly 40 million people are currently living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.

Gates noted that due to the success of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and other partnerships between governments and the private sector, the number of HIV-positive people receiving antiretroviral treatment has gone up to 1.4 million.

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