ICE Makes Unsolicited Bid for CBOT
Thursday, March 15, 2007; 6:58 PM
CHICAGO -- The 159-year-old Chicago Board of Trade found itself the target of a possible bidding war Thursday when electronic futures market IntercontinentalExchange Inc. made a surprise $9.9 billion all-stock bid, threatening its deal to merge with the crosstown Merc.
Investors pushed the shares of parent CBOT Holdings Inc. to a record high in anticipation of a sweetened offer by Chicago Mercantile Exchange Holdings Inc.
The unsolicited bid by Atlanta-based ICE, a relative upstart in the futures and commodities industry, comes less than three weeks before CBOT shareholders are scheduled to vote April 4 on an all-Chicago deal. The Merc's parent company and its century-long rival agreed last October to unite and form the world's largest futures exchange, with CME paying $8 billion.
The proposed new combination would create a derivatives leader with about a third of the U.S. market in commodities trading. It would be smaller, however, than a Board of Trade-Merc powerhouse, which has raised concerns about the potential for a monopoly and higher prices amid careful scrutiny by the Department of Justice.
The new offer, while not immediately accepted or rejected by the Board of Trade, amounts to what at least one analyst called a "semi-hostile" bid.
"ICE's bid very much complicates the CME bid," said Robert Rutschow of Prudential Equity Group in a note to investors. "The big winner in this seems to be CBOT shareholders, who could pressure either a higher bid from CME, and at a minimum have more strategic options going forward."
Shares of CBOT jumped $28.86, or 17.4 percent, to close at $194.95 on the New York Stock Exchange. ICE fell $3.83, or 2.9 percent, to $128.10, while CME shed $31.09, or 5.5 percent, to $532.88.
CBOT declined to comment on the offer, while CME issued a terse statement voicing confidence in its merger effort and avoiding the question of whether it will raise its bid. "We are working toward the successful completion of our transaction," the company said.
The Board of Trade is the main U.S. bond market, but it still trades grain, as it has since its founding in 1848. CME has gone far beyond its trademark livestock contracts to become the world's largest derivatives exchange.
ICE was established in 2000 as an over-the-counter market and has since become the world's leading electronic marketplace for energy trading. It acquired London's International Petroleum Exchange in 2001 and bought the New York Board of Trade earlier this year for more than $1 billion, moving into other commodities such as cocoa, coffee, orange juice and sugar futures.
As under the Merc's proposal, ICE said the combined new firm would be headquartered at the Board of Trade's historic building in downtown Chicago.
Jeffrey Sprecher, ICE's chairman and chief executive, said the bid offers not only a higher price but greater assurance that it will pass muster with regulators. He said he had informed CBOT executives of the offer but did not know if they would accept.