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Prosecutor Posts Go To Bush Insiders
Jamie S. Gorelick, deputy attorney general in the Clinton administration, said it was uncommon during her tenure to dispatch aides from Justice to become U.S. attorneys, except in urgent circumstances, such as when Robert S. Mueller III, now the FBI director, was named U.S. attorney in San Francisco to shore up that troubled office. "These jobs are serious prosecutorial jobs that require judgment and an understanding of the laws that are to be enforced," she said. "They are not meant to be steppingstones, or to give people turns at political jobs."
Justice spokesman Brian Roehrkasse said it is not surprising that the current administration frequently has sent Justice officials to run U.S. attorney's offices. "Like many organizations, it is common for Justice Department employees, appointees and even U.S. attorneys to accept new positions or assignments within the department," he said. It "can be tremendously beneficial for a U.S. attorney to have experience working elsewhere in the department," he added.
Roehrkasse pointed to respected examples, such as U.S. Attorney Patrick J. Fitzgerald of Chicago and Rudolph W. Giuliani, the GOP presidential candidate and former New York mayor who was once a federal prosecutor.
To be sure, the majority of the U.S. attorneys named since 2005 have been relatively traditional choices, such as career prosecutors who moved up to the top job in the district in which they worked.
But not all. Recent U.S. attorney appointees include an assistant attorney general for civil rights, a chief of staff to the deputy attorney general and a chief of staff to the head of the criminal division. One appointee, Scott Schools, was general counsel for the Justice office that oversees U.S. attorneys and led the internal probe of the office of the fired prosecutor he is replacing, Kevin V. Ryan in San Francisco.
Three of the closest advisers to former attorney general John D. Ashcroft also have become U.S. attorneys in the past two years.
A fourth adviser -- Sampson -- had an even more influential position. He was in charge of U.S. attorney selections in the White House counsel's office and later at Justice, where he eventually became Gonzales's chief of staff. Sampson also coordinated the firings, and last month he resigned as the controversy swelled.
Sampson sought to be a U.S. attorney, too, and he was the administration's preferred choice last year to be chief prosecutor in his native Utah. But he was nudged aside for another GOP lawyer, Brett L. Tolman, who was favored by Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah). Tolman was counsel to the Senate Judiciary Committee in late 2005 when, at Justice's request, he had language inserted into USA Patriot Act legislation that allowed Gonzales to circumvent Senate confirmation by appointing interim U.S. attorneys indefinitely. Congress is in the process of repealing the provision.
Of the nearly four dozen regional chief prosecutors named in Bush's second term, 20 have been interim appointments. The proportion who have bypassed the Senate has been roughly the same for administration insiders as for the others.
Some of the insiders who had no ties to their new communities have been well received.
When Gonzales was preparing to appoint Deborah Rhodes, counselor in the department's criminal division, she stopped by to visit with Alabama's two Republican senators. "I don't think I'd ever met her, or heard of her for that matter," recalled Sen. Jeff Sessions, a former U.S. attorney in the southern Alabama district in which Rhodes was to work. Sessions said he and Sen. Richard C. Shelby had intended to recommend someone local for the job permanently but ended up urging Bush to nominate Rhodes, because she appeared to be turning around an office beset by low morale and a probe of her predecessor.
Other insiders who have been made U.S. attorneys have drawn complaints that they are political or inexperienced.
Missouri had for years been a hub of GOP allegations of election fraud -- long disputed by Democrats -- when Schlozman arrived a year ago from Justice's civil rights division. Six days before the November elections, he announced indictments of four voter-registration recruiters for a left-leaning group, Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, or ACORN, for allegedly submitting fraudulent registrations to the election board in Kansas City, Mo. Democrats have protested.
In Minnesota, Rachel K. Paulose was named interim U.S. attorney 13 months ago and nominated for the permanent job in December. As senior counsel to McNulty, she helped draft an initiative to crack down on child pornography through long prison sentences. Since arriving in Minneapolis, she has expanded investigations of such crimes, which have been a high priority for Gonzales, and pushed for sentences she has called "righteous."
Paulose replaced Thomas B. Heffelfinger, who spent nearly 20 years as a state and federal prosecutor and recently left for private practice to increase his income. Heffelfinger supervised Paulose when she was a young assistant prosecutor in the office. He would not comment on her qualifications. "I was 58 when I left. She was 32 when she started," he said. "I brought significantly different things to the job than she brings to the job -- without valuing them one way or the other."
Staff writer Peter Slevin in Chicago contributed to this report.