U.S. Files 2 New WTO Cases Against China
Tuesday, April 10, 2007; 10:41 AM
GENEVA -- The United States filed two new complaints against China at the World Trade Organization on Tuesday over copyright policy and restrictions on the sale of American movies, music and books, trade officials said.
The filing comes a day after U.S. Trade Representative Susan Schwab said American companies were losing billions of dollars annually from piracy levels in China that "remain unacceptably high."
The Chinese Commerce Ministry on Tuesday expressed "strong dissatisfaction" at the U.S. action.
"The two cases have been formally submitted," said Magda Siekert, a spokeswoman for the U.S. mission to international organizations in Geneva. The formal requests for consultations were not immediately made available.
The U.S. submissions Tuesday trigger a 60-day consultation period during which trade negotiators from both countries will try to resolve the two disputes. If that fails, the U.S. can ask for the WTO to establish investigative panels. It would likely take years for any retaliatory sanctions to be authorized.
One case contends that Beijing's lax enforcement of copyright and trademark protections violates WTO rules, Schwab told reporters in Washington on Monday. The other argues that Beijing has erected illegal barriers to the sale of U.S.-produced movies, music and books in China.
"Excessively high legal thresholds for launching criminal prosecutions offer a safe harbor for pirates and counterfeiters," the office of the USTR said on its Web site. "Pirates and counterfeiters who structure their operations to fit below those thresholds face no possibility of criminal sanction."
China is one of the world's biggest sources of illegally copied goods ranging from movies, music and designer clothes to sporting goods and medications. But the WTO's scope would focus on whether Beijing has taken sufficient action to fight intellectual property theft.
"The Chinese government has always been firm in protecting intellectual property rights and attained significant achievements in this respect," Commerce Ministry spokesman Wang Xinpei said in a statement.
Wang criticized the U.S. action and said it "will seriously undermine" economic and trade relations between the two countries.
The U.S. complaints were filed shortly after reports that China plans to buy in excess of $16.2 billion in U.S. goods when a major delegation visits Washington in May for talks on trade tensions.
The new cases, however, threaten to add tension ahead of that trip _ the latest round of a "strategic economic dialogue" led by U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Chinese Vice Premier Wu Yi. The dialogue is meant to address issues ranging from market access to complaints about Chinese currency controls.