5 British Men Guilty in Foiled Bombing Plot

By Kevin Sullivan
Washington Post Foreign Service
Tuesday, May 1, 2007

LONDON, April 30 -- Five British men were convicted Monday of plotting to kill hundreds of people by bombing a shopping center, nightclub or other target here, in a case that officials said demonstrates increasing links between homegrown British extremists and senior members of the al-Qaeda terrorist network in Pakistan.

After a year-long trial and a record 27 days of jury deliberation, the five were found guilty of conspiring to build and detonate a massive fertilizer bomb. Officials said the plot, which involved the purchase of 1,300 pounds of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, was at the time the most ambitious mass murder attempt ever disrupted by British security services.

Testimony during the trial revealed meetings in Britain and Pakistan between the convicted men and two of the four bombers who attacked the London public transit system on July 7, 2005, killing 52 other passengers and themselves. Those links were withheld from jurors to avoid prejudicing their decision, and British law prevented the news media from reporting them until now.

"You have betrayed this country that has given you every opportunity," Judge Michael Astill said, issuing life sentences to Omar Khyam, 26, the group's presumed ringleader; Waheed Mahmood, 34; Jawad Akbar, 23; Salahuddin Amin, 31; and Anthony Garcia, 24. Two other men, Nabeel Hussain and Khyam's brother, Shujah Mahmood, were found not guilty in the case, which British police referred to as Operation Crevice.

British officials have concluded that al-Qaeda, the global radical Islamic network directed by Osama bin Laden, was probably involved in earlier plots in Britain, most notably the July 7, 2005, bombings, known here as the 7/7 attacks.

"This shows the huge problem of people who are recruited and radicalized here, then sent for training by al-Qaeda in Pakistan, which has become a finishing school for terrorism," said Sajjan M. Gohel, a security and terrorism specialist in London.

Testimony at the trial included repeated references to "Abdul Hadi," a man involved in training the men at camps in Pakistan. Gohel said security officials have confirmed that he was Abd al-Hadi al-Iraqi, 46, a top al-Qaeda figure who is now at the U.S.-run prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Gohel said this showed that the Crevice plot was "not just al-Qaeda-inspired, but actually assisted by, and under the control of, al-Qaeda."

According to testimony, police had been following and listening to conversations of several of the suspects for months. Police were also tipped by an employee at a self-storage facility where the would-be bombers had brought a half-ton of fertilizer. It was bought in November 2003 from a farm supply store employee who wondered why, as winter closed in, his customer needed enough fertilizer to cover five football fields.

By early 2004, police had secretly removed the fertilizer and replaced it with a harmless substance, and set up video and audio surveillance inside the storage container. Suspects' homes and cars were bugged. They were arrested that March.

Evidence presented at trial showed that transit bombing ringleader Mohammed Sidique Khan and bomber Shehzad Tanweer, who both died in the July 7 attacks, were observed in surveillance operations leading up to the Crevice arrests. Police saw Khan at least five times and at one point followed him to his home, but took no further action.

Critics in Britain have argued that if MI5, Britain's domestic security service, had paid closer attention to Khan and Tanweer they might have disrupted the transit attacks, the deadliest in Britain since World War II.

"The government have not told the British public the whole truth about the circumstances and mistakes leading up to the July 7 attacks," said David Davis, a leading member of the opposition Conservative Party. "As a result, after nearly two years and five government reports, we still don't know the truth, and that means we still can't learn the lessons from those tragic events."

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