La. Aid Discrepancy an Issue of Wind, Water

Workers clear debris off Delery Street in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans a year ago.
Workers clear debris off Delery Street in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans a year ago. "Road Home" funding was intended to help such flood-ravaged areas. (By Nikki Kahn -- The Washington Post)
By Peter Whoriskey
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, May 24, 2007

The massive federally funded program for rebuilding hurricane-damaged Louisiana homes is short nearly $3 billion largely because Louisiana officials are compensating thousands of homeowners who were not originally supposed to benefit, according to an analysis by the Bush administration.

The money was supposed to pay for rebuilding flooded homes but not those damaged by wind, said federal officials familiar with the negotiations between the administration and the state officials who designed the program.

The Louisiana administrators of the program, however, are on track to dole out an estimated $2.6 billion to cover damage in homes that were not flooded, federal officials said, and that policy explains why the $6.9 billion program for homeowners is short by nearly half.

State officials responded that it is unfair to compensate some owners but not others, depending on which hurricane phenomenon wrecked their home.

"The Bush Administration has been asking us to discriminate against storm victims since day one," Andy Kopplin, director of the Louisiana Recovery Authority, said in a written statement last night. "We rejected it then and we reject it today. . . . These are American citizens we're talking about, and they've been out of their homes for almost two years now. Enough is enough."

Federal officials said the flood-only provision was meant to ensure that, among other things, the hardest-hit areas would be served first.

"The money was supposed to go to places that were flooded like the Lower Ninth, Gentilly and Lakeview, but it's going elsewhere," said one administration official familiar with the negotiations, who spoke on the condition of anonymity pending a hearing on the issue scheduled for today. "We agreed to one thing, and we come back, and they are running a program that we said federal taxpayers were not going to fund."

The dispute arises amid projections that the "Road Home" program, the largest single fund for Louisiana homeowners and considered a critical link in the recovery, will be short $2.9 billion.

State and federal officials are negotiating over how that gap will be filled as part of a much broader debate over how much the federal government should spend on the recovery, coastal restoration and flood protection of the hurricane-prone state.

Congress has approved more than $120 billion for Gulf Coast recovery.

State officials said they had turned to Washington leaders for more money for the program, but whether that will be forthcoming is unclear.

Donald E. Powell, the Bush administration's Gulf Coast recovery coordinator, said it is "premature" to decide whether more federal money should be spent on the program.


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