Wall Street Paying High Price to Keep Cash

Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.), who takes no donations from federal lobbyists, has said greater action is needed to curb influence.
Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.), who takes no donations from federal lobbyists, has said greater action is needed to curb influence. (By M. Spencer Green -- Associated Press)

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By Jeffrey H. Birnbaum
Tuesday, August 21, 2007

The nascent fight over whether to raise taxes on Wall Street hot shots has become one of the year's biggest lobbying bonanzas.

In order to defeat what amounts to two pieces of tax legislation, those new high rollers of finance -- private equity firms and hedge funds -- have been flooding Washington with money. Even though legislation was introduced just this spring, the buyout firms have already distributed at least $5.5 million in lobbying fees, quadruple what they spent in all of 2006, according to Bloomberg News.

A single lobbying firm -- Ogilvy Government Relations -- received $3.74 million in the first six months of this year from Blackstone Group, one of the world's largest private equity firms. That's the heftiest six-month payment to any lobbyist ever reported -- other than a series of fees delivered from 2003 through 2005 to the law firm now known as Bingham McCutchen.

But the law firm's situation was quite different from Ogilvy's. Bingham McCutchen was a principal player in one of the most complex multiyear negotiations ever undertaken in Washington involving asbestos litigation and legislation. Ogilvy Government Relations, by contrast, is fighting alongside others to block a much more straightforward effort to increase the tax rate paid by private equity managers to the 35 percent range from the current 15 percent.

For that, $3.74 million is a lot of money, lobbyists around town agree. How much is it?

It's 57 percent more than the biggest payment made to a lobbying firm for all of last year. It's 15 times what Ogilvy got from Blackstone in 2006. It's nearly double what disgraced lobbyist Jack Abramoff disclosed receiving in a full year from all but one of the Indian tribes he represented. And even that tribe reported spending less in one year than Blackstone is forking over to Ogilvy in six months. (Those amounts, of course, do not include the tens of millions of dollars in secret payments Abramoff and his associates collected from the tribes.)

Nonetheless, of the hundreds of lobbying firms in the nation's capital, only two dozen received more from all their clients put together than Ogilvy got this year from Blackstone alone through June 30.

An Ogilvy official, who said he was not authorized to speak on the record, acknowledged that the fee is, indeed, large. But he said it is not as large as it seems. About half of it settled unpaid bills from 2006, he said. His assertion is hard to verify, however. Disclosure forms do not reflect what services are bought, only when payment is made. Blackstone declined to comment.

Ogilvy's effort is headed by Wayne L. Berman, a prominent Republican fundraiser and the husband of Lea Berman, a former White House social secretary under President Bush. But he and his team are not alone in the battle.

Private equity firms and hedge funds have hired a who's who of Washington lobbyists. They include Kenneth B. Mehlman, a former chairman of the Republican National Committee who is now with Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld. Akin Gump received $120,000 in the year's first half from Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, a prominent buyout firm, and also got $100,000 during the same period from the Private Equity Council, the industry's trade group, reports show.

Efforts to stop a tax increase have generated business for more than 20 other firms, including the capital's largest, Patton Boggs, which employs former senator John Breaux (D-La.), lobbyists said. Others: Capitol Tax Partners; Johnson, Madigan, Peck, Boland & Stewart; Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck; Public Strategies Washington; Capitol Counsel; OBC Group; Elmendorf Strategies; PricewaterhouseCoopers; and the Nickles Group, which is run by former senator Don Nickles (R-Okla.).

These firms don't come cheap, though none are being paid at the pace of Ogilvy. Still, their billings are sure to rise as autumn approaches and lawmakers return to work.

Edwards Hates Lobbyists. Write That Down.

In their never-ending quest to disparage the government they are seeking to head (and thus appeal to anti-Washington voters), presidential candidates have long expressed disdain for one type of capital denizen more than any other: lobbyists.

Former senator John Edwards (D-N.C.) has taken this attention-grabbing position further than his colleagues. He has challenged the Democratic Party's campaign committees not to accept donations from federal lobbyists and has asked his fellow presidential candidates to join in the request.

The committees have politely declined. But some of the other candidates and lobbyists have not been so decorous. They basically accuse Edwards of grandstanding as a way to improve his position in the polls.

Bill Burton, spokesman for Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.), said that refusing to accept contributions from federal lobbyists (which is a policy Obama has) is merely a symbolic gesture that sacrifices very little campaign cash. What is needed, he said, is a system-wide overhaul, which Obama has recommended and labored to enact.

"It's not enough just to refuse their money," Burton said. "We have to curb their influence."

Dave Wenhold, first vice president of the American League of Lobbyists, said he would love for lawmakers to stop pressuring lobbyists to pony up, but realizes that's a pipe dream. Edwards and others are using lobbyists as a "whipping boy" to gin up populist support, he said, but they will surely drop the attack once they gain power and need lobbyists' help.

Hire of the Week

Online retailing has exploded in recent years -- just like everything else online. Forrester Research expects Internet sales to rise 18 percent to $259.1 billion this year.

The National Retail Federation foresaw this trend and, in 2001, made the already-established Shop.org its subsidiary to deal with the concerns of online stores. Last week it took another step; it assigned one of its congressional lobbyists, Elizabeth Oesterle, to advocate for its cyber division.

Oesterle will spend a good deal of her time trolling the halls of the Capitol on behalf of virtual merchants. A former aide to Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah), she has been with the federation for five years.

It's possible, of course, that bricks-and-mortar retailers will have policy disagreements with their online counterparts. But for the moment, Oesterle is happily ensconced in both worlds. Watch for more industry groups to start lobbying for their Internet components in the years to come.

Please send e-mail tokstreet@washpost.com.


© 2007 The Washington Post Company

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