CONGRESS'S WAR OVER THE WAR

After Iraq Trip, Unshaken Resolve

Rep. Jan Schakowsky meets with Iraqi constituents at an Iraqi restaurant in her Chicago area district. The Illinois Democrat traveled to Iraq this month for a firsthand look at the situation, resolving to
Rep. Jan Schakowsky meets with Iraqi constituents at an Iraqi restaurant in her Chicago area district. The Illinois Democrat traveled to Iraq this month for a firsthand look at the situation, resolving to "listen and learn." What she heard strengthened her conviction that troops should begin coming home. (By Warren Skalski For The Washington Post)

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By Shailagh Murray
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, August 26, 2007

CHICAGO When Rep. Jan Schakowsky made her first trip to Iraq this month, the outspoken antiwar liberal resolved to keep her opinions to herself. "I would listen and learn," she decided.

At times that proved a challenge, as when Deputy Prime Minister Barham Salih told her congressional delegation, "There's not going to be political reconciliation by this September; there's not going to be political reconciliation by next September." Schakowsky gulped -- wasn't that the whole idea of President Bush's troop increase, to buy time for that political progress?

But the real test came over a lunch with Gen. David H. Petraeus, who used charts and a laser pointer to show how security conditions were gradually improving -- evidence, he argued, that the troop increase is doing some good.

Still, the U.S. commander cautioned, it could take another decade before real stability is at hand. Schakowsky gasped. "I come from an environment where people talk nine to 10 months," she said, referring to the time frame for withdrawal that many Democrats are advocating. "And there he was, talking nine to 10 years."

The trip gave Schakowsky a good look at the challenge that Democrats face next month, when Petraeus and U.S. Ambassador Ryan C. Crocker travel to Washington to testify before Congress, presumably with similar charts and arguments that the U.S. military is making strides in Iraq, and that withdrawal dates would be reckless and wrong.

The lack of political progress among Iraq's rival factions and Petraeus's estimate of the time needed to stabilize the nation left Schakowsky all the more convinced that Democrats must force Bush to begin bringing troops home.

"This is not the structure that's going to say, 'Why? Why are we here? What are we really accomplishing here?' The mission is to take down the bad guys, to establish order," she said of her sessions with Petraeus and other military leaders. The meetings "made me feel more determined that the policy is going to have to be set in Washington, that the Congress is going to have to exert its will here to end this war."

The Illinois Democrat recounted her trip from a table in the front window of the Venus Cafe, an Iraqi restaurant not far from her home on Chicago's North Side. A line was forming in the next room -- local Iraqi Christians, many of whom have relatives displaced by the war, were eager for their own debriefing.

A co-founder of the House Out of Iraq Caucus, Schakowsky saw only fleeting glimpses of Iraqis' day-to-day life during her one-day trip. The few times she ventured out of the Green Zone, she was in a helicopter or a speeding convoy, soldiers hanging out of the windows with machine guns, obscuring the view. She heard about dire power and water shortages, yet saw nothing firsthand.

But the military presentations left her stunned. Schakowsky said she jotted down Petraeus's words in a small white notebook she had brought along to record her impressions. Her neat, looping handwriting filled page after page, and she flipped through to find the Petraeus section. " 'We will be in Iraq in some way for nine to 10 years,' " Schakowsky read carefully. She had added her own translation: "Keep the train running for a few months, and then stretch it out. Just enough progress to justify more time."

"I felt that was a stretch and really part of a PR strategy -- just like the PR strategy that initially led up to the war in the first place," Schakowsky said. Petraeus, she said, "acknowledged that if the policymakers decide that we need to withdraw, that, you know, that's what he would have to do. But he felt that in order to win, we'd have to be there nine or 10 years."

As a war opponent, Schakowsky has always taken extra care to do her homework, and she can recite facts and figures on the conflict with agility. But after Democrats won control of the House, Schakowsky -- a member of the leadership -- joined the intelligence committee and found herself squirming when people asked how many times she had visited Iraq. None, she had to confess. So when she learned of a trip that House Armed Services Committee members had scheduled for the August recess, she invited herself along, becoming one of about two dozen members of Congress to travel to Iraq this month.


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