The Making Of a Monster
Bright yellow tomato blossoms burst forth in the lush, vine-laden garden of Marvin Meisner. They are the season's stragglers, destined never to fruit and ripen.
They do, however, offer some lessons in growing a freakish four-pound tomato. Meisner, a retired cardiologist, searches for a bloom that is fuller than the others, picks it and then plucks all of the petal-like anthers from the flower to reveal not one pistil -- the organ whose base swells to become the actual tomato -- but two fused together.
A regular tomato has just one. Beefsteak varieties sometimes have two. When you see three, four or more fused pistils, you know you have hit pay dirt in the world of giant tomatoes. Such a flower may produce a tomato for every pistil, all of them morphing into one big, ugly lobed fruit that in weight and appearance resembles a small pumpkin.
The pumpkin, as it turns out, is an apt model for the giant tomato. Over the past 20 years, growing enormous gourds has become a cult in North America among Type A backyard gardeners.
Meisner is also a giant-pumpkin gardener and last year raised a gourd weighing 1,060 pounds, a personal best. He is among a cadre of giant-pumpkin growers who believe that the same methodical approach to raising gargantuan gourds can be applied to the tomato, with killer results.
He has just written a book laying out the techniques: "Giant Tomatoes" ($19.95, Annedawn Publishing, http:/
"There are 25 million people growing tomatoes in this country," Meisner said, leading me around his garden, sun-bathed but cooled by an elevation of 1,300 feet. "Everybody wants to grow a big tomato."
Indeed, the world of giant-tomato growing already has a few legends. In 1986, Gordon Graham, a gardener from Edmond, Okla., was cleaning up a tomato vine that had spilled into his melon patch and found a lone fruit that changed his life. At 7 pounds 12 ounces, it became -- and remains -- the world's heaviest recorded tomato. The company that makes Miracle-Gro fertilizer created an epoxy replica of it and paid Graham to tour the country to talk about his giant-tomato efforts. Graham, now dead, may have happened upon the fruit but was heavily into giant-tomato cultivation.
Meisner now possesses the replica of the world's biggest tomato, which was 26 1/2 inches in circumference and could have made more than 20 tomato sandwiches. Meisner believes this jumbo fruit was formed from as many as five fused pistils. Tomatoes, by the way, are berries, botanically, but are classified as vegetables.
In the New Jersey seaside town of Long Branch, Minnie Zaccaria has been raising big tomatoes for more than 40 years. Her biggest have exceeded six pounds. But her lasting contribution to mega-tomatoes is a hybrid she made by crossing two heirloom beefsteak varieties, one red, one pink. She declined to name them, noting that she has sold the rights to the hybrid to Totally Tomatoes, a seed company in Randolph, Wis. ( http:/
In his garden, Meisner relies on a number of beefsteak varieties, among them Brutus Magnum, Giant Belgium, Slankard's, Todd County Amish and Tennessee Britches, of which one massive fruit measured eight inches across. Graham's monster was a variety called Delicious. Meisner is clear about which variety will define the future of this sport. "Big Zac is number one," he said.