Health Highlights: Sept. 17, 2007

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Monday, September 17, 2007; 12:00 AM

Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments,compiled by editors ofHealthDay:

Study Examines Heart Risks Linked to ADHD Drugs

A large study of possible heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular risks associated with drugs to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was announced Monday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Researchers will analyze clinical data of about 500,000 children and adults who've taken ADHD medications, which can increase heart rate and blood pressure.

"Case reports have described adverse cardiovascular events in adult and pediatric patients with certain underlying risk factors who receive drug treatment for ADHD, but it is unknown whether or not these events are causally related to treatment. The goal of this study is to develop better information on this question," Dr. Gerald Dal Pan, director of FDA's Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology, said in a prepared statement.

The analysis of the data will take about two years to complete.

ADHD affects about three percent to five percent of school-age children and about four percent of adults, according to the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health. People taking or being considered for treatment with ADHD drugs should work with their doctor or other health care professional to develop a treatment plan that includes a careful health history and evaluation of current health status, the FDA and AHRQ recommend.

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Doctors' White Coats, Neckties Banned in British Hospitals

Doctors' traditional white coats -- along with jewelry and watches, neckties, fake nails and long sleeves -- are being banned in British hospitals as part of the effort to control deadly hospital-borne infections, theAssociated Pressreported.

All the banned items could harbor germs, includingMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA), the deadly "superbug" bacteria that's resistant to nearly every available antibiotic.

"Ties are rarely laundered but worn daily," the Department of Health noted in announced the new "bare below the elbows" dress code. "They perform no beneficial function in patient care and have been shown to be colonized by pathogens."


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