A Friend of a Friend
While he was New York mayor, Rudolph Giuliani promoted his friend Bernard Kerik to important positions in his administration. Kerik's friend Lawrence Ray later became a witness against Kerik in state and federal investigations.
Sept. 17, 1997: Kerik and Ray explore business opportunities in Russia.
Dec. 16, 1997: As a favor to Kerik, Ray arranges for Giuliani to meet former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in New York.
Jan. 1, 1998: Kerik is appointed commissioner of corrections for New York.
Late 1998: Interstate, a construction company alleged to have mob ties, hires Ray as a security consultant.
Nov. 1, 1998: Ray is best man at Kerik's wedding.
Nov. 18, 1998: Ray faxes Kerik a copy of Interstate's application to do business in New York City.
April 29, 1999: Kerik alerts Ray in an e-mail that the mayor has appointed one of his relatives, Raymond Casey, to a top job at a city agency that Interstate is trying to influence.
May 11, 1999: Kerik asks Ray in an e-mail if he can spare $2,000 to $2,500.
July 1999: Kerik meets with Casey and a city investigator to discuss concerns about Interstate's alleged mob ties; Kerik later says he vouched for the company.
March 2000: Ray is indicted on charges of securities fraud.
April 21, 2000: Kerik becomes Giuliani's police commissioner.
April 9, 2003: Ray is convicted of securities fraud.
Dec. 3, 2004: President Bush nominates Kerik for the top homeland security post.
Dec. 10, 2004: Kerik withdraws his name after Ray goes public with an allegation about Kerik's dealings.
June 30, 2006: Kerik pleads guilty to accepting illegal gifts from Interstate.
SOURCES: Documents given to investigators by Ray; news reports