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On War's Anniversary, Bush Cites Progress

Five years after launching the U.S. invasion of Iraq, President Bush marked the anniversary with a speech at The Pentagon. Video by AP

Bush said an increase of about 30,000 combat troops over the past year has helped "turn the situation in Iraq around" and has made worthwhile the "high cost in lives and treasure." He said he will reject any further troop withdrawals if they threaten security improvements. "The challenge in the period ahead is to consolidate the gains we have made and seal the extremists' defeat," Bush said.

His remarks came just weeks before a key assessment of the war from Army Gen. David H. Petraeus, the top commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, and Ambassador Ryan C. Crocker, after which the president will make a decision on troop levels. Bush has so far outflanked attempts by Democrats in Congress to force more withdrawals, and he appears unlikely to lose his political advantage for the remainder of his term.

The number of troops in Iraq, currently nearly 160,000, is slated to drop to about 140,000 by July, which would be near the level of a year ago, when Bush ordered the troop buildup to tamp down spiraling violence.

Bush took aim at Democrats such as Clinton and Obama, both of whom have vowed to quickly withdraw troops, and also disputed "exaggerated estimates" of the war's cost. One widely noted calculation by a Nobel Prize-winning economist puts the conflict's long-term price tag at $3 trillion or more.

"War critics can no longer credibly argue that we're losing in Iraq, so now they argue the war costs too much," Bush said. "No one would argue that this war has not come at a high cost in lives and treasure, but those costs are necessary when we consider the cost of a strategic victory for our enemies in Iraq."

Sen. Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.) and Rep. Carolyn B. Maloney (D-N.Y.) responded by sending a letter to Bush complaining that the administration has refused to provide transparent or accurate cost information to Congress.

In one disputed portion of his address, Bush resurrected assertions that Osama bin Laden and his followers have played a central role in the Iraq conflict. Bush suggested that a backlash among local Sunni Muslims to the group calling itself al-Qaeda in Iraq amounted to "the first large-scale Arab uprising against Osama bin Laden, his grim ideology and his terror network."

Many terrorism experts say there are few operational contacts between bin Laden's group and its Iraqi namesake, and they note that the group was formed only after the U.S. invasion in March 2003. Al-Qaeda in Iraq is also considered a relatively small player in the constellation of insurgent forces battling U.S. and Iraqi forces, according to military, terrorism and intelligence experts.

Paul R. Pillar, a retired senior CIA analyst who has been sharply critical of the Bush administration's run-up to the Iraq war, said much of Bush's speech "could have been taken out of a speech five years ago."

"The rhetoric we hear in this speech is remarkably similar to the rhetoric we were hearing at the start," said Pillar, who helped prepare CIA intelligence estimates that warned of the violence that would follow the invasion. "The same case is being made for sustaining a presence in Iraq as was made to go into Iraq in the first place."

Cheney, who is traveling in the Middle East, has issued bold assertions of progress in Iraq in recent days. During an unannounced visit to Baghdad on Monday, Cheney declared that the U.S. effort to install democracy and stabilize Iraq is a "successful endeavor" that has been "well worth the effort." Cheney also reiterated his contention, disputed by most experts, that al-Qaeda and then-Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein had close ties.

In his ABC interview, Cheney compared the Bush administration's task in Iraq to Lincoln's determination during the Civil War. "He never would have succeeded if he hadn't had a clear objective, a vision for where he wanted to go, and he was willing to withstand the slings and arrows of the political wars in order to get there," he said of Lincoln.

Cheney also answered "no" when asked whether he cares what Americans think of the war, suggesting that the administration cannot bow to "fluctuations" in the polls.

Surveys show relatively little fluctuation in U.S. public opinion on the war. Majorities have said since late 2004 that the war's benefits have not been worth its costs, according to Washington Post-ABC News polls.

In the latest poll, nearly two-thirds said the war was not worth fighting. Fewer than half -- 43 percent -- think the United States is making significant progress restoring civil order in Iraq, but that number is up from 31 percent before Bush's troop increase began. Only 32 percent approve of the overall job Bush is doing as president, tying his low in Post-ABC polling.

Staff writers Josh White in Washington and Shailagh Murray in Fayetteville and staff researcher Julie Tate in Washington contributed to this report.

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