Correction to This Article
An earlier version of this story incorrectly said comments by William Ayers, a member of the Weather Underground, were made after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Ayers's remarks were published in the New York Times on the morning of the attacks..
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Obama Pressed in Pa. Debate

Video
Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) said Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-N.Y.) responded to reports of his calling Middle Americans "bitter" by 'beating it to death.'Video by ABC News/National Constitution Center/WPVI-TV

Still, most of the focus during the first half of the 90-plus-minute debate at the National Constitution Center was on Obama. He, too, got a video question, from Nash McCabe of Latrobe, Pa. Why, she asked, did Obama decline to wear an American flag pin?

Obama said he reveres the flag and added: "I am absolutely confident that during the general election, that when I'm in a debate with John McCain, people are not going to be questioning my patriotism; they are going to be questioning, how can you make people's lives a little bit better?"

He was then asked about his association with William Ayers, a member of the Weather Underground, a radical group from the 1960s and '70s. Ayers was quoted after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, as saying he did not regret setting bombs and that "we didn't do enough."

Obama said he does not have a close relationship with Ayers. "The notion that somehow as a consequence of me knowing somebody who engaged in detestable acts 40 years ago, when I was 8 years old, somehow reflects on me and my values doesn't make much sense," he said. He also noted that President Bill Clinton had pardoned members of the group.

Once again, Clinton took the opportunity to criticize her rival, calling Ayers's comments "deeply hurtful to people in New York," and she said Obama had served on a board with Ayers. "And I have no doubt -- I know Senator Obama's a good man and I respect him greatly, but I think that this is an issue that certainly the Republicans will be raising," she said. "And it goes to this larger set of concerns about how we are going to run against John McCain."

Wednesday's debate was held in the same facility where Obama delivered his speech about race days after the videos of his former pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, surfaced.

Obama once again disavowed the remarks without disowning his former pastor, but he said when asked how he would deal with the videos being played over and over in the fall: "If it's not this, then it would be something else. I promise you, if Senator Clinton got the nomination, there will be a whole bunch of video clips about other things." He added that he has confidence in the American people to focus on what matters to them most, including health care and the economy. "The notion that somehow that the American people are going to be distracted once again by comments not made by me, but somebody who is associated with me that I have disowned, I think doesn't give the American people enough credit."

Clinton had said at the time of the controversy that she would have left the church over Wright's comments. Asked whether the 8,000 members of Wright's congregation were wrong to stay, she said hers had been a personal answer to a direct question. "For Pastor Wright to have given his first sermon after 9/11 and to have blamed the United States for the attack, which happened in my city of New York, would have been just intolerable for me."

The debate opened with a question about a recent proposal by former New York governor Mario Cuomo. He suggested that the nomination battle continue to the end of the primaries, but that the winner select the loser as the vice presidential nominee.

Neither Clinton nor Obama wanted to go first in answering whether they agreed. Obama called the question premature as long as the nomination battle continues. Clinton said that "I think it is absolutely imperative that our entire party close ranks" when the primaries end. "That we become unified. I will do everything to make sure that the people who supported me support our nominee. I will go anywhere in the country to make the case. And I know that Barack feels the same way."

The debate also touched on Iraq, Iran, the Middle East, taxes, the economy, guns and affirmative action.

Neither Clinton nor Obama gave clear answers about gun control and affirmative action questions; both seemed eager to repeat their past positions on those two sensitive subjects and move on. On the economy, Clinton promised not to raise taxes on people making less than $250,000 a year, flatly ruling out a middle-class tax hike. Obama did the same, though he defined middle class more broadly, saying that the line would be drawn at people making between $200,000 and $250,000 a year.

Obama also confirmed that he would consider raising the capital gains tax, which is currently at 15 percent, back to its previous Clinton-era high of 28 percent. Clinton said she would not raise that tax above 20 percent, if at all, but would take the federal cash flow into account.


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