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Safari Planner: From Package Tours to Do-It-Yourself Adventures
Planning an African safari is hardly a walk in the zoo, but it shouldn't be as frustrating as spotting, say, a leopard. If you know when and where to go, and what to expect, all of the pieces should easily fall into place. We asked contributing writer Joseph J. Schatz, who lives in Zambia, and Travel staffer Andrea Sachs, who has been on safari in Kenya and South Africa, for tips on how to arrange a wildlife adventure in the bush .
Reaching sub-Saharan Africa from the United States is expensive. A direct flight from Washington Dulles to Johannesburg on South African Airlines, for instance, generally starts at about $1,300, including taxes. Flying to Nairobi via Europe on Northwest/KLM or any of the other carriers serving sub-Saharan Africa can cost a few hundred dollars more.
From Johannesburg or Nairobi, the continent's two hubs, you can fly to less-trafficked countries. For instance, Zambian Airways ( http:/
Besides airfare, the other major expense is the safari, which in Swahili means "journey." Your outlay depends on your wish list (animals and amenities), desired level of comfort and length of time in the wild. Upscale camps can exceed $800 per person per night. For instance, Singita Boulders Lodge, in South Africa's Singita Game Reserve in Sabi Sands, costs $2,315 a night per couple through Guided Safaris (415-814-6676, http:/
In addition, some safari lodges do not include park fees, so ask beforehand or come with extra money.
When to Go
Deciding when to travel is key, as most countries have a wet and a dry season. Weather varies widely among countries. Kenya, for example, has long, heavy rains, whereas Namibia has fewer big soaks.
In most places, the dry season is generally the best time to view animals, as the roads are in good condition and the animals are drawn out into the open to find water. As a result, the dry season is also the most popular, and expensive, time to go on safari.
June through September is generally dry throughout eastern and southern Africa (at least in safari country), making summer a popular time to visit. Unlike in southern Africa, Kenya and Tanzania each have two rainy seasons and two dry seasons; January and February are typically dry and good for viewing game.
During the rainy season, options are more limited. Hiking is restricted because of the weather, and roads are muddier, limiting your range. But the rainy season offers an entirely different perspective: The landscape is lush, and in many areas there are still plenty of animals to view. Many lodges offer "green season specials" that can be as much as half off the dry-season rates.
The 'Big Five' and Friends
Many safari operators make a big deal over finding the "Big Five": elephant, Cape buffalo, rhinoceros, leopard and lion. The five animals -- and not the likes of the giraffe and the hippo -- were given the moniker by safari hunters, who found them the most dangerous and difficult to kill on foot. But don't overlook the other animals and birds. Along the Zambia-Botswana border, for instance, you'll see hundreds of elephants and hippos alongside the colorful bee-eater birds. Kenya and Tanzania have the wildebeest migration and frequent lion sightings. For what to look for in each country, see the chart above.
Arranging Your Safari
· Booking: The easiest route is to book a package tour through a well-established outfitter, preferably one with a U.S. office and an African outpost. At the very least, the package should include accommodations, game drives, meals and transfers, with the option to add international airfare. Massachusetts-based Thomson Safaris (800-235-0289, http:/
Veteran travelers can make their own arrangements, booking the flights and lodges a la carte. It has become increasingly easier to book with individual lodges, even remote ones, through e-mail. But do your research: Read up on the parks and lodges on the country's tourism office Web site or through sources dedicated to safaris, such as South African Lodges.com ( http:/