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Aides Say Team Interviewed Palin Late in the Process

Republican presidential candidate John McCain says he's satisfied that Sarah Palin's background was properly checked out before the Alaska governor joined the Republican ticket.Video by AP

In addition to Palin and Pawlenty, the four other finalists are believed to have been Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman, the Democrat-turned-independent from Connecticut; former Pennsylvania governor Tom Ridge; former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney; and Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal.

All six were subjected to a lengthy background investigation that included a review of tax returns dating back seven years, a credit check, and a 70-item questionnaire that addressed nannies and household employees, infidelity, payment for sex, treatment for drug or alcohol abuse, and other personally intrusive subjects.

Last weekend, two campaign officials told The Washington Post that the background investigation of the finalists included an FBI check of any possible ongoing criminal investigations. That information was incorrect. A knowledgeable official said Tuesday that the vetting team had hoped to run such a check but that FBI officials declined to do so because that type of inquiry is reserved for people nominated for senior administration jobs. The official also said the FBI was uncomfortable providing the information to a political campaign, rather than to government officials.

One U.S. law enforcement official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue, said the FBI does not conduct any kind of background checks or criminal history searches on behalf of political candidates or parties.

Culvahouse's personal interviews of the prospective vice presidential candidates included other questions as well. Among them: If the CIA were to report that Osama bin Laden had been identified in the frontiers of northern Pakistan, but that an attempt to kill him would result in civilian casualties, would the person authorize such an action? If Democratic National Committee Chairman Howard Dean announced that he was holding a news conference with a mystery person to reveal damaging information about the candidate, who would they most fear it would be?

Palin's firing of Walt Monegan, Alaska's public safety commissioner, after he refused to fire a state trooper who had been married to her sister, and a probe surrounding that action, has become one of the key questions about her background.

The vetting team turned up relevant information during the review of public records, but at Culvahouse's direction, they investigated the matter at length. The matter was also part of the three-hour interview Culvahouse conducted with Palin. "We spent a lot of time on the Monegan thing," said one McCain official. "So that was one that was absolutely no surprise."

Rick Davis, McCain's campaign manager, said the trooper allegations were made in a "highly charged political environment" in which Palin has battled with fellow Republicans for years. He said a full inquiry will back up Palin's complaints about what he called "heinous acts" by the trooper.

A bipartisan panel of the Alaska legislature is investigating whether Palin tried to pressure the commissioner -- and eventually removed him from office -- for failing to fire her former brother-in-law from the state police force.

Palin denies the allegation, saying she had merely alerted officials of concerns about her former brother-in-law, who was going through a bitter divorce with her sister. Palin said she witnessed dangerous behavior from him that prompted her to act. Lawmakers are trying to determine whether her subsequent decision to fire the commissioner was the result of his unwillingness to remove the trooper from his job.

Through the course of the process of picking a vice president, McCain met with his political team about half a dozen times for extensive discussions and debate. That group included Davis, Schmidt, Salter and senior adviser Charlie Black. McCain's wife, Cindy, also played an influential role, aides said. One lengthy meeting was held in Aspen, Colo., in mid-August.

But the final stages did not occur until last week as the self-imposed deadline loomed. Aides had said earlier that Palin was invited to meet McCain in Arizona only after she appeared to be a likely choice, barring something unforeseen in her interview with the candidate. But what they had not said was that Culvahouse had not yet conducted his interview until that time as well.

"From the beginning, Senator McCain knew he had until Thursday to make a final decision," Schmidt said. "The process was anything but rushed and hurried."

But another official said the "process almost by definition is going to be back-end-loaded."

"We expected the last two weeks after Senator Obama made his selection to be pretty frantic," the official said.

Staff writers Michael D. Shear in St. Paul and Dan Eggen in Washington contributed to this report.

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