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Constellation in Quick Deal With Buffett

Warren E. Buffett, head of Berkshire Hathaway
Warren E. Buffett, head of Berkshire Hathaway (Nati Harnik - AP)
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By Lisa Rein and Steven Mufson
Washington Post Staff Writers
Friday, September 19, 2008

Constellation Energy Group, the Baltimore-based energy giant whose stock has plunged amid worries over liquidity, agreed yesterday to be sold for $4.73 billion to MidAmerican Energy Holdings, a subsidiary of Warren E. Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway.

The quick sale, arranged in about 48 hours, was designed to end what a Standard & Poor's analyst called "an acute crisis of confidence" that had wiped out half the company's value on Monday and Tuesday.

MidAmerican chief executive Gregory E. Abel said his Des Moines-based holding company will bring "financial stability" to Constellation, which needed to raise new collateral for its energy trading arm. Berkshire Hathaway will give MidAmerican the cash for the purchase. Constellation will raise $1 billion right away by issuing preferred stock to MidAmerican. The rest of the $26.50-a-share cash deal needs approval from shareholders and Maryland regulators.

In buying Constellation for half of what the company was worth a week ago, MidAmerican acquires one of the nation's biggest generators of electricity. Constellation operates five nuclear reactors, numerous coal plants, a major energy trading business and Baltimore Gas & Electric.

Abel said Constellation's operations will remain largely autonomous since MidAmerican has no presence on the East Coast. Buffett, who has been beefing up his stake in the energy sector, said the acquisition "will prove beneficial to all constituents."

Constellation's shares fell 57 cents, or 2.3 percent, to close at $24.20 yesterday. That was well off their 52-week high of $107.97 on Jan. 8. Shares dipped as low as $13 Tuesday.

Constellation's shares had fallen 70 percent since July 31 as investor concerns increased over the liquidity needs of the company's energy-trading business, which was growing until this year. That business relies heavily on financing that has all but disappeared with the turmoil in the financial markets.

Investor and lender confidence was damaged by chief executive Mayo A. Shattuck III's August disclosure that Constellation had dramatically underestimated the collateral it would need to put up if its credit rating were downgraded. Then late last month, the company took several steps to raise capital, selling off some natural gas reserves. That appears to have been too little, too late.

Abel declined to comment on Shattuck's future.

At a news conference in Baltimore, Abel said he did not expect any short-term changes in electricity rates for BGE's 1.2 million customers in the Washington suburbs and Baltimore, whose bills have soared under deregulation.

"They won't see any increases or decreases as a result of this transition," Abel said. "What we hope is that we bring long-term benefits and stability."

He also said the sale would not affect Constellation's plans to build a third nuclear reactor at its Calvert Cliffs plant in Lusby, a deal for which the company is seeking federal loan guarantees.

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