FCC Chairman Abused Power, House Probe Finds

Congressional Democrats called the FCC ''dysfunctional'' under Chairman Kevin J. Martin.
Congressional Democrats called the FCC ''dysfunctional'' under Chairman Kevin J. Martin. (By Joshua Roberts -- Bloomberg News)
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By Cecilia Kang
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, December 10, 2008

Congressional Democrats yesterday sharply criticized the Federal Communications Commission, calling it a dysfunctional agency led by a chairman who manipulated and withheld data and reports to advance his own policy positions.

The Democratic lawmakers made their accusations in a 110-page report released by the House Energy and Commerce Committee's oversight and investigations subcommittee after a year-long investigation into the management and regulatory practices of FCC Chairman Kevin J. Martin.

"Any of these findings, individually, are cause for concern," House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman John D. Dingell (D-Mich.) said. "Together, the findings suggest that, in recent years, the FCC has operated in a dysfunctional manner and commission business has suffered as a result. It is my hope that the new FCC chairman will find this report instructive and that it will prove useful in helping the commission avoid making the same mistakes."

The report does not, however, state that Martin violated any law.

Aside from "bad manners," the report didn't show clear evidence of wrongdoing, said a former senior Democratic Capitol Hill staffer, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of ongoing relationships with House members.

The investigation began as a bipartisan probe, but the report was notably signed only by Dingell and subcommittee Chairman Bart Stupak (D-Mich.). A senior congressional source, who is not authorized to speak on the record, said Republican leaders on the committee were "unwilling to join the report" because they disagreed with the findings.

Minority ranking committee member Rep. Joe L. Barton (R-Tex.) "supported starting the inquiry into problems at the FCC because there are problems there and the investigation seemed serious. But it didn't turn out that way, and he and his staff are unconvinced that the discovery of a lack of gentility warrants much hoopla, or any hoopla at all," said Larry Neal, deputy Republican staff director of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

The report, scathing at certain points, states that Martin pressed staff to rewrite an agency report that didn't support his push for rules allowing cable subscribers to pick and choose channels instead of buying bundled program packages.

It criticized Martin for leading the agency with a closed culture, saying his "heavy-handed, opaque, and non-collegial management style has created distrust, suspicion and turmoil among the five current commissioners."

Employees at the agency told investigators that Martin was a micromanager who instilled feared in staff.

Stupak said "that climate of fear" made it difficult to find witnesses for a hearing on the investigation.

In an interview yesterday, Martin said the report did not find any violations of law or procedure. He added that some criticisms referred to alleged violations that occurred when he wasn't chairman. Claims that he suppressed data from the courts and public on the adverse effects of broadband over powerline, for example, fell under the responsibility of former FCC chairman Michael Powell, Martin said.

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