Government Gets Chance To Prove It Can Work

C. Ray Nagin of New Orleans is among mayors speaking with the media after meeting with the president and vice president. Elected officials and career civil servants alike will be charged with effectively disbursing stimulus funds.
C. Ray Nagin of New Orleans is among mayors speaking with the media after meeting with the president and vice president. Elected officials and career civil servants alike will be charged with effectively disbursing stimulus funds. (By Gerald Martineau -- The Washington Post)
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By Alec MacGillis
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, February 23, 2009

For weeks, the economic stimulus package lay in the hands of President Obama and congressional leaders. But with Obama having signed the $787 billion bill on Tuesday, its fate has been dispersed far and wide -- to places such as the state office building in Crownsville, Md., outside Annapolis, where three workers face the challenge of a career.

The team oversees the home-weatherization program in Maryland's Department of Housing and Community Development, disbursing $2.6 million a year in federal funds to cities and community groups to insulate the homes of 1,000 low-income residents. The stimulus package provides $65 million over two years, enough to cut deep into the waiting list of 22,000 homes. For the team -- an administrator, an auditor and a clerk -- it is a once-in-a-lifetime chance to prove their worth, albeit amid higher stakes and more scrutiny than they have ever faced.

"These are guys who have been working this weatherization program for years, who have been stuck back in the corner of the office here . . . and they'd just keep doing their 1,000 homes a year," said Bill Ariano, the agency's deputy director, who added that four others may join the team. "So this is exciting, and it's challenging. It's a long time in coming."

The stimulus package is not only a political crucible for Obama and the congressional Democrats who pushed it through; it is also the ultimate test of government's ability to deliver, from a vast array of federal agencies and departments down to state and local offices across the country.

It will be up to thousands of Cabinet undersecretaries, regional agency directors and local contracting officers to get the stimulus money out fast enough to boost the economy and to meet Obama's broader policy goals. Obama has cast his election as a repudiation of an anti-government philosophy that has been in vogue for the past three decades. The stimulus spending offers the prospect of renewing confidence in the public sector just as many are losing faith in corporate America. If done poorly, though, it could undermine Obama's longer-term vision of reaffirming the positive role of government in the lives of Americans.

"This is an historic opportunity for federal managers to rise to the occasion, to stand up and make sure these dollars are spent well," said Donald F. Kettl, a University of Pennsylvania political scientist. "It's an historic shot, but it's a tough shot. It may be an exaggeration to say they've been set up to fail, but the expectations are very high."

Obama addressed the challenge at a gathering of mayors on Friday. "If a federal agency proposes a project that will waste that money, I will not hesitate to call them out on it and put a stop to it," he said. "What I will need from all of you is unprecedented responsibility and accountability. . . . The American people are watching. They need this plan to work. They expect to see the money that they've earned, that they've worked so hard to earn, spent in its intended purposes without waste, without inefficiency, without fraud."

Administrators seem to be bearing such warnings in mind. On Friday, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar laid out guidelines for the $3 billion his department will receive, including appointing a "stimulus czar." A day earlier, Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced "sweeping" new procedures to get his department's $40 billion spent fast, including adopting a rolling application process for loans and adding staff members.

"The old process required too much paperwork, required prohibitive upfront costs and simply took too long," Chu said. Department staffers, he added, "have a completely new attitude -- they feel charged and excited and ready to go."

To help oversee stimulus spending, Chu reached into the private sector, hiring Matt Rogers, a former senior partner at the consulting firm McKinsey & Co. Rogers said in an interview that the moment is a chance for the public sector to prove itself -- though all in the service of getting the private sector back on its feet.

"Our obligation is to serve as a demonstration project for the American people that government can work," he said. "It's an opportunity to reignite the economy and get private capital flowing to good projects again, because ultimately that is what we're looking for. Then the private sector can take the reins."

Much of the actual preparation for the money is occurring down the ladder in smaller corners of the government. The U.S. Geological Survey, within Interior, is preparing for $140 million that, among other things, will go toward paying private firms to use new airplane-based laser technology to produce a more accurate topographical map of the country. The information is useful for such things as tracking sea-level rise and flooding.

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