By Brian Murphy
Monday, March 30, 2009
DOHA, Qatar, March 29 -- Qatar's leader embraced Sudan's president in a red-carpet welcome Sunday as he arrived to attend an Arab summit in his most brazen act of defiance against an international arrest warrant on charges of war crimes in Darfur.
For host Qatar -- a key U.S. ally that is home to American warplanes and more than 5,000 U.S. troops -- the Arab League meeting beginning Monday also showcases the nation's desire to stake out a prominent role in regional affairs even at the risk of angering the West.
Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir had promised to attend the 22-nation gathering after assurances from members that they would not enforce the International Criminal Court's arrest order issued March 4. But his lavish arrival sent an apparent message that Bashir will have a center-stage role at the two-day meeting.
A smiling Bashir, in a traditional robe and a white turban, was greeted at the airport with an embrace and kiss by Qatar's emir. They later had coffee with the head of the Arab League, Amr Moussa.
It was a low-risk trip for Bashir with high symbolic value for his Arab backers, who argue that carrying out the ICC's arrest warrant would further destabilize Sudan as the Darfur conflict between the Arab-led government and ethnic African rebels enters its seventh year.
Only Jordan and two other tiny Arab League members, the Comoros and Djibouti, are party to the ICC charter, but they can take no action on Qatari soil. Arab foreign ministers have endorsed a draft resolution for the summit rejecting the ICC's warrant.
ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo has said that Bashir should be arrested once he leaves Sudanese airspace, but it was unclear whether any military forces were monitoring his flight. The United States does not recognize the ICC's jurisdiction, citing fears that Americans would be unfairly prosecuted for political reasons. But President Obama this month denounced the "genocide" in Darfur.
The Sudanese government's battle against rebels in the western Darfur region has killed up to 300,000 people and driven 2.7 million from their homes since 2003, according to the United Nations.
"The president is performing his duties and is going to visit more countries either on bilateral bases or for regional meetings," said Mustafa Osman Ismail, Bashir's foreign policy adviser. The Sudanese leader also visited Eritrea, Egypt and Libya over the past week.
"What is required from all of us is to stand with our brothers in Sudan and its leadership in order to prevent dangers that affect our collective security," Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moualem said.
But the Arab ministers rejected an offer from Sudan to host an emergency Arab summit. Instead, Arab governments promised to increase diplomatic visits to Sudan.