As approved in a May 10, 2005, Justice Department memo.
-- Dietary manipulation: Substituting liquid meal replacements for solid food.
-- Nudity: Used to cause psychological discomfort.
-- Walling: Slamming detainee into a wall.
-- Facial slap: Slapping detainee's face with fingers slightly spread.
-- Abdominal slap: Striking the abdomen with the back of an open hand.
-- Wall standing: Forcing detainee to stand with feet spread, arms outstretched, fingers resting on the wall, not permitted to move.
-- Water dousing: Cold water is poured on detainee.
-- Sleep deprivation: Detainee is deprived of sleep for more than 48 hours.
-- Waterboarding: Pouring water over face of detainee, who is lying at an angle on his back, head lowered.