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Friday, June 19, 2009; 9:10 PM

There was a dramatic shift away from the four primary-care disciplines and toward specialization between 1998 and 2006. Here's how the numbers changed as medical school graduates selected residency programs:

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Family practice, down 51 percent

Internal medicine, down 18 percent

Obstetrics-gynecology, down 16 percent

Pediatrics, down 8 percent

General surgery, down 4 percent

Dermatology, up 7 percent

Emergency medicine, up 18 percent

Diagnostic radiology, up 34 percent

Pathology, up 122 percent

Anesthesiology, up 150 percent

Source: The National Resident Matching Program

The four primary-care disciplines are at the low end of the doctor pay scale, based on the 2009 Review of Physician Recruitment Incentives.

Family practice, $173,000

Internal medicine, $186,000

Obstetrics-gynecology, $184,000

Pediatrics, $171,000

General surgery, $321,000

Dermatology, $297,000

Emergency medicine, $244,000

Diagnostic radiology, $391,000

Anesthesiology, $344,000

Source: Merritt Hawkins & Associates

Women made up just over 20 percent of U.S. medical school graduates in 1980. They were 49 percent of graduates in 2007, and that number is projected to rise to 54 percent by 2025. Female doctors work an average of 7.4 hours less than their male counterparts. These numbers are from a survey of doctors under 50 years old who have children.

2 percent of men work part time

24 percent of women work part time

5 percent of men took more than 3 months' leave

28 percent of women took more than 3 months' leave

22 percent of men have a spouse who works full time

68 percent of women have a spouse who works full time

Source: The Association of American Medical Colleges


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