Jury Convicts Former Congressman Jefferson of Bribery

Former Louisiana Rep. William Jefferson and his wife Andrea leave federal court in Alexandria, Va., Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2009. (AP Photo/Kevin Wolf)
Former Louisiana Rep. William Jefferson and his wife Andrea leave federal court in Alexandria, Va., Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2009. (AP Photo/Kevin Wolf) (Kevin Wolf - AP)

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By Jerry Markon and Brigid Schulte
Washington Post Staff Writers
Thursday, August 6, 2009

Former congressman William J. Jefferson was convicted of corruption charges Wednesday in a case made famous by the $90,000 in bribe money stuffed into his freezer and a legal battle over the raid of his Washington office that reached the highest levels of the U.S. government.

Federal jurors found the Louisiana Democrat guilty of using his congressional office as a criminal enterprise to enrich himself, soliciting and accepting hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to support his business ventures in Africa. The eight-woman, four-man jury convicted Jefferson of 11 of 16 counts that included solicitation of bribery, racketeering and money laundering.

Jurors acquitted Jefferson of three wire fraud counts, obstruction of justice and violating a law barring bribery of foreign officials. The bribery acquittal meant that jurors found that the money stashed in the freezer of his Capitol Hill home never made it to his intended target, but they convicted him of conspiring to bribe that person, a Nigerian official.

The verdict in U.S. District Court in Alexandria culminated an investigation that alternately fascinated and horrified much of official Washington. Jefferson is a former co-chairman of congressional caucuses on Nigeria and African trade who in 1990 became the first black congressman elected in Louisiana since Reconstruction. The low-key legislator burst into public view in 2005 when the FBI raided his home and found the cold cash wrapped in foil and stashed in Boca Burger and Pillsbury boxes.

Jefferson, 62, faces up to 150 years in prison when he is sentenced Oct. 30. Judge T.S. Ellis III rejected prosecutors' efforts to send the former lawmaker to jail in advance of sentencing, allowing Jefferson to remain free on bond.

Jefferson lost his reelection bid in December after winning another term while under investigation.

A somber Jefferson declined to comment on the verdict, saying only that he is "holding up" before walking off with his wife and family members. His attorney, Robert P. Trout, said he will appeal. "Obviously, we're very disappointed about the verdict," Trout said, adding: "We believe we have very strong legal issues" on appeal.

U.S. Attorney Dana J. Boente, in a brief news conference outside the federal courthouse, said Jefferson had violated "his compact with the people of Louisiana. . . . He used his influence and his power to enrich himself and his family. This case shows that no person, not even a congressman, is above the law."

Congressional reaction was generally muted, but Nadeam Elshami, a spokesman for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), said: "It is a sad day for [Jefferson's] family but no one is above the law."

Legal experts said the case will always be best known for the cash in the freezer but will also help agents investigate other public officials who mix private businesses with their official duties.

"People are going to remember that this is the guy who was dumb enough to put the money in the freezer," said W. Dennis Aiken, former chief of the FBI's public corruption unit, who called the case "a step forward in proving that this type of conduct is criminal."

Beyond the money in the freezer, which defense lawyers acknowledged in closing arguments made Jefferson something of "a national joke," the case was best known for the FBI raid on Jefferson's office in the Rayburn House Office Building. The May 2006 seizure of his computer hard drive and office files was the first time federal agents raided a congressional office, and it led House leaders to assert that the documents were privileged legislative material not subject to search.


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