By Ann Scott Tyson
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, September 4, 2009
Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates indicated Thursday that he is open to increasing the number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, voicing a shift in his position as the administration ponders a military assessment expected to lead to a formal request for additional forces.
Gates, in a briefing at the Pentagon, also defended the U.S. mission in Afghanistan, rebutting suggestions that it is time to pull out. His remarks came just hours before the Army announced that it will extend the tours of about 3,000 soldiers in Afghanistan for between two weeks and two months amid an intensifying Taliban insurgency.
Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal, the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan, submitted a key assessment of the war this week. Gates said the assessment, which President Obama and top military officers are reviewing, had altered his long-standing concern about creating an oversized U.S. "footprint" in Afghanistan.
"I take seriously General McChrystal's point that the size . . . of the footprint depends . . . in significant measure . . . on the nature of the footprint and the behavior of those troops and their attitudes and their interactions with the Afghans," Gates said.
"If they interact with the Afghans in a way that gives confidence to the Afghans that we're their partners and their allies, then the risks that I have been concerned about about the footprint becoming too big . . . is mitigated." In particular, Gates cited efforts by McChrystal to distribute U.S. troops to better protect the population and reduce civilian casualties.
Gates also rebuffed as "unrealistic" arguments that the administration should narrow the mission to one of counterterrorism in Afghanistan and along the Pakistani border. Instead, he said that uprooting terrorist groups requires a more holistic campaign to shore up internal security -- the type of effort McChrystal and other top U.S. military leaders envision.
"Even if you want to focus on counterterrorism, you cannot do that successfully without local law enforcement, without internal security, without intelligence," he said.
The number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan is already set to roughly double this year, to 68,000, including about 21,000 new troops that Obama ordered to deploy.
In recent months, Gates has warned repeatedly against deploying too many troops, saying the local population would reject them as an occupation force, much as Afghans opposed the 110,000 Soviet troops stationed in Afghanistan in the 1980s.
Now, however, it is widely anticipated that McChrystal will follow up his assessment soon with a request for several thousand more U.S. troops and other resources needed to implement a full-fledged counterinsurgency strategy aimed at bolstering Afghan local governance, as well as at improving the economy and security. The request is expected to focus on troops needed to accelerate and expand the training and mentoring of the Afghan army and police forces so that they can gradually take on security responsibilities.
Officials said Gen. David H. Petraeus, the head of U.S. Central Command, has endorsed the assessment.
Both Gates and Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said any troop request for Afghanistan would be weighed against other demands on U.S. forces, including in Iraq.
"We have lots of troops in Iraq, and there are challenges and tension between those two theaters in terms of troop distribution," Mullen said at the Pentagon news conference.
Mullen has emphasized that he directed McChrystal to scrutinize the U.S. force in Afghanistan and send home any service members, such as support troops, who may not be vital to the war effort. Some Pentagon officials have said that McChrystal is seeking such reductions -- which could number in the thousands -- to offset an increase in combat forces, but Mullen told The Washington Post in an interview last week that he did not expect any large "windfall" in the form of troop reductions.
On Thursday, the Army announced that it is extending the tours of two units in Afghanistan to maintain continuity of the force there and allow follow-on units more time to prepare. The headquarters of the 82nd Airborne Division based at Fort Bragg, N.C., with a few hundred soldiers, will be extended for 50 days, the Army said, while the 3rd Combat Aviation Brigade based at Fort Stewart, Ga., with about 2,700 soldiers, will remain for an additional two weeks.
An Army statement suggested that the extension is intended to advance a plan by McChrystal to take advantage of the expertise in Afghanistan of units such as the 82nd Airborne Division and 101st Airborne Division, which have both deployed there frequently. The goal is to maximize the continuity and experience of military units serving in Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. James D. Thurman, the Army's operations chief, said in a statement.
Gates insisted Thursday that Obama's new strategy for Afghanistan can succeed if given time, even as he acknowledged deteriorating security in the country and waning public support at home.
"I don't believe that the war is slipping through the administration's fingers," he said. "I absolutely do not think it is time to get out of Afghanistan."
Staff writer Karen DeYoung contributed to this report.