Latest Entry: The RSS feed for this blog has moved

Washington Post staff writers offer a window into the art of obituary writing, the culture of death, and more about the end of the story.

Read more | What is this blog?

More From the Obits Section: Search the Archives  |   RSS Feeds RSS Feed   |   Submit an Obituary  |   Twitter Twitter
Maurizio Montalbini, 56

Maurizio Montalbini, 56; Lived in Caves to Study Isolation

Maurizio Montalbini spent months in caves.
Maurizio Montalbini spent months in caves. (Sandro Perozzi - Associated Press)
  Enlarge Photo    

Network News

X Profile
View More Activity
Associated Press
Tuesday, September 22, 2009

ROME -- Italian sociologist Maurizio Montalbini, 56, who spent months dwelling in caves to study how the mind and body cope with complete isolation, died of a heart attack Sept. 19 in a mountain hamlet near the central Italian town of Macerata, said Guido Galvagno, a longtime colleague. Galvagno said the death did not appear connected to Mr. Montalbini's record-breaking cave stays.

Mr. Montalbini spent a total of two years and eight months underground since he started his experiments in the 1980s, according to a biography on his Web site.

In 1987, he claimed his first world record after spending 210 days alone in a cave in the Apennine mountains. A year later, he led an international team of 14 spelunkers, including three women, to take the world group record with an underground stay of 48 days.

During his endurance experiments, Mr. Montalbini subsisted mostly on a high-calorie diet of powdered foods and pills similar to those used by astronauts on spaceflights. Scientists on the outside monitored him through instruments. His biography said his experiments were done in collaboration with NASA and top universities worldwide. They yielded insights into the effects of long-term isolation, including weight loss, changes in the perception of time and in the sleep and menstrual cycles.

For the sociologist, who worked with drug addicts before turning to spelunking, the experiments were also a personal challenge of willpower and endurance.

"One cannot fight solitude. One must make a friend of it," he said after his 1987 exploit. "I succeeded in doing this. I carried everything inside me for seven months -- affections, convictions, ideals."

Mr. Montalbini broke his solo cave-sitting record in 1993 by living a year and a day in an underground base built to study the reactions of individuals and crews on simulated space missions.

In his last experiment, which ran through 2006 and 2007, Montalbini spent 235 days in the base built in the Apennine "Grotta Fredda" (Cold Cave).

Mr. Montalbini, who had no children, is survived by his wife, Galvagno said.

More in the Obituary Section

Post Mortem

Post Mortem

The art of obituary writing, the culture of death, and more about the end of the story.

From the Archives

From the Archives

Read Washington Post obituaries and view multimedia tributes to Pope John Paul II, Ronald Reagan, James Brown and more.

[Campaign Finance]

A Local Life

This weekly feature takes a more personal look at extraordinary people in the D.C. area.

© 2009 The Washington Post Company

Network News

X My Profile
View More Activity