Nation's Transportation Policies Have Miles to Go and Not Much Time
"Darn -- delayed by yet another stimulus-funded road construction project." This thought, which recurs while I'm driving, provokes another: "Will all these widely dispersed road construction projects add up to something that improves mobility in the decades to come?"
If transportation planning and funding continue as in the past, the answer is: probably not.
A few projects -- such as the Intercounty Connector between Montgomery and Prince George's counties and Virginia's Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project -- represent new infrastructure investments, planned years ago, that could measurably improve and sustain long-term regional transportation efficiency.
But other projects, such as widening arterial roads, will increase capacity and relieve congestion only in the short term. And many stimulus-funded repaving projects seem to be little more than cosmetic tweaks.
So how timely that the University of Virginia's Miller Center of Public Affairs hosted a conference last month titled "Beyond Stimulus: Toward a New Transportation Agenda for America."
Many of the nation's top transportation experts converged on Charlottesville to wrestle with difficult questions such as: Is there a crisis? What are the most severe transportation problems, and what should be done to solve them? Which solutions are politically and economically feasible? And what should be the role and responsibilities of the federal government concerning transportation policy and projects?
If a crisis exists, and if transportation is so vital to the economy and so strongly affects energy consumption, carbon emissions and climate change, many also asked why transportation is not higher on the nation's political agenda.
Participants didn't mince words in citing deficiencies in transportation policy, planning and project development at all levels of government and concerning all modes of transportation.
-- There is no national transportation vision analogous to President Dwight D. Eisenhower's historic 1958 interstate highway program. Federal road and rail transportation policy seems fragmented and obsolete.
-- Surface transportation planning has not been adequately coordinated with land-use and zoning, housing, environmental, health and other public-sector planning efforts, much of which occurs at state and local levels.