By Cain Burdeau
Wednesday, November 4, 2009
Mindful that the West Bank of New Orleans has regained its pre-Hurricane Katrina population and is primed for growth, the Army Corps of Engineers is launching a $1 billion effort to protect the area from the next storm.
New Orleans's population plummeted by 300,000 after Katrina, but residents quickly returned to the west bank of the Mississippi River, many under the mistaken impression that the area was safer. The fact that it didn't flood after the hurricane was mainly chance, however.
Engineers say the area's 250,000 residents are exposed to surge waters from a storm coming in at just the right angle, thanks in part to existing navigation and drainage canals that feed in.
So the Corps broke ground last week on the West Closure Structure, a floodgate-and-pump system designed to close off those canals and bolster the area's levees.
The West Bank is west of the Mississippi River and the French Quarter, in a place tourists generally pass through only if they're on their way to swamp tours. So far, it has been spared catastrophic flooding. Katrina passed to the east in August 2005, and the West Bank was one of the only dry places in the city after levees failed on the East Bank, the main part of the metropolitan area.
But after Katrina, hurricanes Rita and Gustav pushed water levels dangerously high in canals on the West Bank.
Roy Dokka, the executive director of the Center for GeoInformatics at Louisiana State University, said up to 70 percent of the West Bank could be underwater if a monster storm were to hit it.
The West Bank project is one of two the Corps is building to protect New Orleans, the other being a similar storm surge barrier on the East Bank that closes off the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal.
With large areas of the West Bank undeveloped pasture, woods and wetlands, the improved levee system is expected to spur development, especially since most of the East Bank is crammed with houses and businesses.
"It's the only land left for large populations to grow," said state Rep. Ricky J. Templet, a Republican who represents a swath of the West Bank. "The sky's the limit. On the West Bank, we were the last to get started on our flood protection. Some people will be able to sleep at night now."
They shouldn't sleep too soundly, according to Robert Bea, a civil engineer with the University of California, Berkeley, and an expert on the New Orleans levee system. Bea called the West Bank project an example of the Corps' flawed levee building policies, designed to handle a 100-year storm rather than shelter the area for many centuries like dikes in the Netherlands.
Bea's advice to West Bank developers and homeowners: "Build high, build strong because the level of protection is not sufficient to build low and weak." If anything, though, building requirements will get more lax after the levee system is finished.
Counting the West Closure Structure, the Army Corps is pouring more than $2 billion into finishing the long-overdue levee system on the West Bank. The agency now says it plans to have most of the West Bank hurricane protection done by 2011.
-- Associated Press