Abby McGanney Nolan reviews five new nonfiction books for kids
GODS AND HEROES
By Robert Sabuda and Matthew Reinhart
Candlewick. $29.99, ages 5 and up
From initial startle to final analysis ("How did they do that?"), a well-made pop-up book is all about surprise; it's a further astonishment when the text is worth reading. Robert Sabuda and Matthew Reinhart have dedicated "Gods and Heroes" to "all the educators who have supported our work over the years," and they have crafted concise and lively versions of many of the world's ancient myths and legends. But the ingenious paper structures that emerge from every spread and collapse back again are the big draw. First up -- literally -- is the Egyptian god Horus, whose falcon head extends over the top of the book and whose long human-like legs extend below. On the same spread, smaller and tucked away in corners, are no fewer than four other 3-D scenes, and this is a typical page in this exuberant book. In addition to the Egyptian pantheon, Sabuda and Reinhart pay tribute to such luminaries as the Greek gods, goddesses and heroes, Gilgamesh, the Norse "masters of battle" (including Odin with his flaming red beard and bright purple garment), the Polynesian volcano goddess Pele, China's Heavenly Grandfather, and the Aztec Empire's plumed serpent Quetzalcoatl. They all loomed large for centuries, and now they pop up in a big way.
HOW THE WORLD WORKS
By Christiane Dorion and Beverley Young
Templar. $17.99, ages 9-12
Although not as striking from a paper-engineering standpoint, the visual explanations in "How the World Works" are nevertheless wide-ranging and impressive, covering what truly governs our days: sunlight, fresh water, winds and other key components. Writer Christiane Dorion and illustrator Beverley Young start with the Big Bang (where else?) and end with the food chain that keeps us all going. In between are hands-on displays, such as a dial that reveals some of the thousands of objects that orbit around the earth, another dial that shows the history of the earth squeezed into 24 hours (always late to the party, humans show up 14 seconds before midnight), a flip book that follows Pangaea's dispersal into today's continents, and four pull-tabs that cleverly illustrate what happens when two continental plates come together or move apart. Double-page spreads about the weather, the movement of the sea and the carbon cycle make apparent the interconnectedness of the Earth's populations. Although the clear and informative text carries a pro-environment message, it stays clear of preachiness. The facts are what jump out at you.
By Elisha Cooper
Orchard. $17.99, ages 4-8
With "Farm," his latest picture book, writer-illustrator Elisha Cooper goes where the buffalo used to roam and shows the workings of a modern-day American institution. He uses watercolor and pencil for delicate landscapes as well as for smaller figures that have the intriguing quality of inkblots. Cooper's text is full of the day-to-day of farming, progressing from early spring to late fall, and features plenty of understated observations: "Sheets of water sweep the farm, hammering roofs and rattling windows. And then it is over. The corn bends in one direction as if to say The storm went that way." With 39 pages to work with, Cooper can take the time to figure out which way the wind is blowing.