A profile of Bob Bauer: Is this the counsel Obama keeps?
Friday, March 26, 2010
Here's the problem the White House gave Bob Bauer to fix last weekend: Go make peace between antiabortion Democrats and pro-choice Democrats, the gruff Michigander Bart Stupak and the formidable rules maven Louise Slaughter, and also the bishops and the nuns. And get it all on paper!
Bauer is the president's in-house counsel, but on tense occasions like creating sweeping, historic omnibus legislation, he's more than that. Bauer came to the rescue of the health-care negotiations, and his political skills were as much on display as his legal ones, not to mention his diplomatic and nurturing ones.
Bauer, 58, shuttled between the White House and Capitol Hill with drafts of an executive order banning federal funding of abortion, spending two days in tense talks with Rep. Stupak and other Catholic Democrats who were vital to the coalition that would pass President Obama's reform package. When he wasn't getting food for his own staff, he talked with the lawmakers, he joked with them, he listened to them, but mostly he got them to agree.
Bauer knew several of the Democrats through his years as a campaign lawyer and assured them the executive order he brandished was not a trick. "He was very patient," Stupak said. "Members asked some questions that, for us lawyers, were pretty basic. But he would say, 'Congressman, that's a good question,' and go through and explain it." Bauer's role in the outcome was, Stupak said, "extremely critical."
Whether Bauer will thrive -- or even survive -- as White House counsel will depend in part on his ability to sustain that level of diplomacy in the months ahead. His allies are encouraged so far, and one friend noted that Bauer's first major executive order was part of a politically savvy compromise, in contrast with another ambitious executive order drafted by his predecessor, Greg Craig, ordering the closure of the Guantanamo Bay prison within a year. That one was ultimately doomed.
The office Bauer inhabits, while coveted, has become a career graveyard in recent years, bogging down a string of lawyers as they tried to square controversial administration ideas with the law and political reality. When Craig was pushed out of the counsel's office last fall, it was, in part, because critics had concluded that the Guantanamo order was ill-advised and lacked political support. More dramatically, Alberto Gonzales was lashed for his role in the George W. Bush administration's policies on torture, detention and secrecy, and is now, despite his stature as a former attorney general, teaching a single class on politics at Texas Tech University. Harriet Miers, who succeeded Gonzales as White House counsel, left the year after her 2006 nomination to the Supreme Court collapsed.
"The first objective of being a White House counsel is to preserve the good reputation you had before you went into the job," said lawyer Jan Baran, a longtime friend of Bauer. "It's a career-ender."
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For Bauer, whose expertise is elections law, health care may be among his easier assignments. He has inherited a vast national security portfolio that has become the core of the counsel's work since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. His office addresses so many complex and unprecedented international questions -- including the legality of capturing or killing terrorists abroad, intervening in cyberattacks, and holding suspects indefinitely -- that people who work with Bauer said he now spends as much as half of his time on national security. It's an abrupt departure for a man who just two years ago was challenging campaign finance regulations and monitoring Texas precincts for Obama.
His biggest burden: where the government should try Khalid Sheik Mohammed, the self-declared mastermind of the 9/11 attacks. Bauer started the job the month after Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. announced a civilian trial in New York -- a brazen decision that has since been dropped. Now, Bauer is trying to think bigger and consider all Guantanamo detainees and suspected terrorists captured abroad in one proposal, rather than case by case. That "Grand Bargain" may include new legislation, which the White House had previously said it would not seek.
But Bauer, like his predecessors, also manages an unpredictable whack-a-mole caseload, with new headaches every day. Is this or that White House proposal constitutional? Who should be the next Supreme Court nominee? Is this or that White House employee violating strict ethics policies? Bauer has imposed some changes on the judicial nominating process, both accelerating the pace and trying to be politically strategic about when vacancies are filled. His colleagues said his particular skills are recommending not just what is legal but also realistic and, in the words of one, "giving the president options."
Bauer declined to be interviewed, and several administration officials agreed to talk about him only if they were not identified. White House officials said he does not plan to grant media requests for profiles of him during his tenure. (He is married to a former White House communications director, Anita Dunn, who is now a public relations executive. They live with their son, and Bauer has three children from a previous marriage.)