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Media Notes: Are newspaper critics old hat amid the flood of online critics?
Newspapers and magazines were built on the smorgasbord model, serving a little something for everyone. But in the age of Google and Bing, growing hordes of people simply search for precisely what they need. That has pushed the pendulum toward a word-of-mouth arena in which anyone can play.
Take Rotten Tomatoes, which aggregates all kinds of print and online reviews. The Sandra Bullock movie "Blind Side" scored an average of 6.3 (on a scale of 10) when the Web site evaluated what 25 "top critics" had to say (those who write for the biggest outlets or who are included "based on their influence, reach, reputation, and/or quality of writing"). But when calculating 2,799 reviews by the "RT Community," the score jumped to 7.9. One-click shopping; why bother reading the actual prose?
There are also countless blogs such as Connie's Movie Reviews, maintained by a librarian in Lebanon, Ind. And people get lots of film feedback from their friends on Twitter and Facebook. In fact, two Silicon Valley researchers told the Los Angeles Times that they can predict with as much as 97.3 percent accuracy how a film will perform in its first weekend based on the tenor of the tweets.
But isn't there room for coexistence? I happen to like pizza blogs such as Slice, but I also read Tom Sietsema's Washington Post restaurant reviews. I like that critics know far more than me about how chefs assemble dishes or directors assemble movies.
The notion that the blog culture has rendered critics redundant is ultimately an argument against specialists. And that debate stretches from the world of culture to the nature of journalism itself -- and whether its practitioners, who poke and probe on the public's behalf, have outlived their usefulness.
In a piece on the Daily Beast, former Post gossip columnist Lloyd Grove questioned whether the White House press corps is becoming irrelevant. After all, he reasoned, the Obama administration has all these new-media tools at its disposal "without relying on third parties" -- including 1.7 million followers on Twitter and 500,000 fans on Facebook.
But news organizations have the same tools, and the president's constant stream of interviews shows that he understands their continuing clout. Yes, Obama could have tweeted his new nuclear warfare strategy, but he chose to unveil it last week in an interview with the New York Times.
The litmus test, then, is whether the journalist or the critic, by virtue of his expertise or connections or digging or sheer writing skill, adds significant value -- that is, value beyond what a reasonably intelligent political junkie or foodie could produce in his spare time. Those who can will survive; the rest may be swept out by the online tide.
"If Roger Ebert says it, does it carry value? Yes," Jarvis allows. "But how many Roger Eberts are out there, and how many do we need?"
Meet the set
The look is ultramodern: floor-to-ceiling bookcases, a pair of huge video screens with a White House backdrop, a small, circular glass table as well as a larger, rectangular one.
David Gregory is excited about the "striking" new set for "Meet the Press," which debuts May 2. "This is part of the evolution of the program," he says. "For the Gregory era of the program, there's a visual piece of that. It doesn't limit me to one position. It allows me to use technology in various ways. I can even stand."
Gregory has hung onto the No. 1 Sunday spot since succeeding the late Tim Russert, averaging 3.5 million viewers this year to just under 3 million for "Face the Nation" on CBS and 2.6 million for ABC's "This Week." The ABC program has been hurt by rotating hosts while waiting for Christiane Amanpour to take over in August. But accepting a challenge from New York University's Jay Rosen, interim host Jake Tapper has arranged for the St. Petersburg Times' PolitiFact site to fact-check what "This Week" guests say after each program.
An "interesting idea," Gregory allows, but not one the NBC show will be emulating. "People can fact-check 'Meet the Press' every week on their own terms."