David Cameron tries to loosen up the Conservative Party in Britain

A power-sharing deal between Cameron and Nicholas Clegg of the Liberal Democrats ended 13 years of Labor Party rule and resulted in Britain's first coalition government since the 1940s.
By Anthony Faiola
Friday, April 30, 2010

STOCKTON-ON-TEES, ENGLAND -- The man gunning to bring the Conservatives back to power in Britain grabbed the microphone at a town hall meeting in the heart of the English rust belt this week, firing off some tough promises that would make Margaret Thatcher proud.

In his upper-crust accent, the 43-year-old Oxford man vowed to slash welfare rolls, cap immigration and shrink big government. But into the same microphone, before a rapt crowd in a high school gym, he rattled off the other pledges that define his "modern Conservative" movement. Is he a defender of gay rights? Absolutely. Will he fight global warming? Enemy No. 1. Universal health care? Cross his heart, no more right-wing plots to dismantle it.

That is David Cameron's gambit. The front-runner in May 6 elections that could usher in the biggest change in Britain's political landscape in generations, Cameron is running as a sort of anti-Sarah Palin. Cameron's pitch to the British electorate: His Conservative Party is no longer so conservative.

In class-obsessed Britain, his problem isn't so much the message as the messenger. On the campaign trail, Cameron has courted disenchanted Labor Party voters with a pint-in-the-pub image of rolled-up shirt sleeves and jeans. But when they look at him, many here still see only the "posh boy" who is a distant cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.

Like his top aides, he hails from a privileged class and attended Eton prep school, a beacon for derision among the common folk. Blistering faux pas -- he tried to prove his "green" credentials by bicycling to work, only to be photographed with a limo toting his briefcase -- have not helped.

At the same time, Cameron is being derided by some on the right for abandoning elements of the core Conservative line. Cameron insists that he is a harbinger of change.

"I think conservative parties the world over are on a journey and need to change to reflect society as it is today," Cameron said in an interview with The Washington Post. "If you want to stand up for everybody in your country, then you shouldn't have two nations, black or white, urban and rural. If you believe that, then, as a conservative, you have to stand up for gay rights, you must be in favor of making sure that the excluded are included."

In many respects, Cameron is tearing a page out of the playbook of Tony Blair, whose shift from left to center with "New Labor" brought down the last Conservative prime minister, John Major, in 1997. In a nation where the Conservatives had became synonymous with polo-playing, ascot-wearing elitists, Cameron's shift is also seen as pragmatic -- perhaps the party's only road back to power after 13 years

Even with a revamped line, the Conservatives are facing an election battle that is turning out to be far tougher than they anticipated. Cameron is squaring off against an unpopular Labor prime minister, Gordon Brown. Already sinking in the polls, Brown stumbled badly this week after he was caught on microphone calling an English widow a bigot for complaining about immigration.

But over the past three weeks, Nicholas Clegg, the straight-talking leader of the usually also-ran Liberal Democrats, has surged in the polls after stellar performances in Britain's first U.S.-style, prime-time debates.

With a platform of denuclearization and higher taxes on the rich, as well as strong record on social issues, Clegg is stealing Cameron's thunder on the issue of change. In Stockton-on-Tees, a part of northeast England heavily dependent on government jobs and where many vividly recall Thatcher's Conservative war against unions, Cameron's pledge to move faster than his rivals to slash public spending has left some traditional Labor voters leaning toward Clegg.

"I do believe that the Conservative Party has changed with Cameron," said Norman Douglas, 63, a retired businessman who attended Cameron's town hall meeting Sunday. "And with the mess this country is in, there is no way I'm voting Labor again. But I'm just not sure the Conservatives have changed enough. It makes you think about Clegg."

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