NATO allies poised to slash military budgets; Gates urges other cost savings

By Craig Whitlock
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, June 9, 2010

LONDON -- European allies are bracing for their deepest cuts in military spending since the end of the Cold War, fueling concerns in Washington that an already wide gap in military power between the United States and the rest of NATO will grow.

On Monday, the German government said it is looking to reduce its 250,000-member military by at least 40,000 troops; the defense minister has suggested that a whopping cutback of 100,000 might be necessary.

Meanwhile, analysts project that Britain may have to cut its defense budget by 10 to 15 percent over the next six years as it grapples with what Prime Minister David Cameron has called "a staggering amount of debt."

France and Italy are also contemplating manpower reductions.

Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, on a trip to London and Brussels this week, is pressing allies to hold the line as Pentagon officials fret they could be stuck with an even bigger share of the burden of the war in Afghanistan or future NATO missions.

On Tuesday, Gates said he was urging European leaders to avoid wholesale cuts to their active-duty forces and instead try to reduce overhead and other less essential programs.

"I think we all are having to take a hard look in a way that we haven't financially for the last couple years," he said after meeting with Britain's defense secretary, Liam Fox.

Europe's fiscal troubles have worsened considerably since February, when Gates warned that NATO was confronting a "crisis" because U.S. allies had spent too little on defense over the past decade and were too averse to using military force.

Other NATO leaders, who are expected to gather in Brussels for meetings Thursday and Friday, warned that the long-term consequences could be dire if European lawmakers, in search of a quick budget fix, squeeze their militaries too much.

"We have to take care not to cut too much or in the wrong way, that we might jeopardize our security in the future," NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Monday in Brussels. "After all, economic prosperity depends on security, too."

For many European governments trying to recover from the global financial crisis, their armed forces are prime candidates for the chopping block.

In the United States, however, the Obama administration has declared defense and national security programs off-limits to the budget ax.

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