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Wonkbook: Bank fee replaced with other bank fees; a utilities-only carbon price?

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Ezra Klein
Wednesday, June 30, 2010; 7:23 AM

In a last-ditch attempt to secure Scott Brown's vote, FinReg conferees have scrapped a $19 billion bank fee intended to pay for the bill's implementation and replaced it with TARP money and a hike in FDIC fees. That means small banks, not just large banks and large hedge funds, will be on the hook for implementation.

Meanwhile, a White House summit on climate policy ended without agreement, but with Obama reiterating a commitment to carbon pricing and various senators -- including, crucially, Olympia Snowe -- moving towards a utilities-only cap-and-trade bill. Elena Kagan had a calm first day of testimony, and did offer some insight into how she'd judge different issues. Oh, and the Supreme Court ruled that the McCain-Feingold Act's ban on "soft" money campaign expenditures is constitutional. It was a busy day. Look forward, the Senate is going to try again on a jobs bill, the FCIC is hearing testimony on derivatives, the president's fiscal commission is meeting, and Kagan is answering more questions.

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In an effort to appease Senator Scott Brown, FinReg conferees have replaced the proposed $19 billion bank fee, reports Jia Lynn Yang: "To win back Brown's support, the House-Senate conference committee agreed Tuesday to instead pay for most of the bill by ending the Troubled Assets Relief Program early and shifting some of the money marked for that program toward the financial regulation bill, a move that would yield $11 billion. The rest would come from raising premiums paid by commercial banks to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., whose fund serves as a safety net for consumers when their banks fail."

While no consensus emerged from the White House climate summit, Senate advocates say they're willing to deal, reports Juliet Eilperin: "Kerry said in an interview that they would make more concessions to win Republican support, but he added: 'My question is, which is the compromise of any of the others? Show me the compromise.'¿Lawmakers discussed a more modest climate and energy bill that would target electric utilities and other stationary sources: Power plants account for roughly 40 percent of the nation's greenhouse gas emissions. Snowe issued a statement after the meeting supporting such a plan."

Elena Kagan opened up on her legal views in Senate questioning, report Amy Goldstein and Alec MacGillis: "Kagan said that she respects legal precedent that upholds people's right to own guns and that she supports the use of military commissions to prosecute enemy combatants -- positions favored by many conservatives. But she also suggested that a controversial requirement in the new federal health-care law that most Americans obtain insurance has a legal basis -- a question that is likely to come before the courts. She indicated that she differed with a recent Supreme Court decision that struck down limits on corporate contributions to political campaigns."

The Senate is making yet another go at passing a jobs bill, albeit a pared down one, reports David Herszenhorn: "The new bill would reinstate extended federal unemployment benefits retroactive to the end of May, and provide extended benefits for those who qualify through November. The bill also extends the deadline for homebuyers to close on their deal to Oct. 30 from July 1 and still claim a tax credit of up to $8,000. To qualify, homebuyers must have signed a contract by April 30."

An equivalent measure failed to pass under expedited rules in the House: http://bit.ly/cwhADR

What do you do with bay leaves? interlude: Even Mark Bittman isn't sure.

Still to come: David Leonhardt thinks withdrawing stimulus now could lead us into a 1930s-style secondary recession; most Americans want empathic Supreme Court Justices; Yucca Mountain may be going forward; and origami paper learns how to fold itself.

Economy/ FinReg

David Leonhardt warns that withdrawing the stimulus now would be a dangerous bet: " From 1936 to 1938, when the Roosevelt administration believed that the Great Depression was largely over, tax increases and spending declines combined to equal 5 percent of gross domestic product. Back then, however, European governments were raising their spending in the run-up to World War II. This time, almost the entire world will be withdrawing its stimulus at once. From 2009 to 2011, the tightening in the United States will equal 4.6 percent of G.D.P., according to the International Monetary Fund.--Worldwide, it will equal a little more than 2 percent of total output."

Concerns about growth in the US, Europe, and China scared markets yesterday: http://bit.ly/dApEmo

Brace yourself for the coming public-sector job cuts, reports Annie Lowrey: "The teachers and other public-sector employees might be just the start. The CBPP has estimated that if states cut their spending from 2009 to 2010 the same level they did from 2008 to 2009, it might cost as many as 900,000 public- and private-sector jobs ¿ swelling the ranks of the unemployed by five percent or more."

The financial services industry is hiring aggressively again, reports Brett Philbin: "From the end of February through May, financial-services employment grew by 6,800 in New York City-the largest three-month increase in nearly two years, according to data from the New York State Department of Labor. The employment boost is the largest such gain within the industry since it reported the addition of 7,200 positions from May to August 2008."

Steve Pearlstein argues US needs to establish a tariff on Chinese and other currency-manipulated imports: http://bit.ly/c1zQ37

Allan Meltzer argues Obama's economic agenda creates dangerous uncertainty: "The president asks for cap and trade. That's more cost and more uncertainty. Who will be forced to pay? What will it do to costs here compared to foreign producers? We should not expect businesses to invest in new, export-led growth when uncertainty about future costs is so large."

Simpsons interlude: The complete filmography of Troy McClure.

Domestic Policy

The current Supreme Court could be the "least deferential since the New Deal": http://bit.ly/cnDO6o

Obama is still trying to juggle both immigration and climate change, reports Sam Youngman: "He met first with a bipartisan group of senators for talks on the way ahead on climate legislation, then sat down with members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus on immigration reform.¿The White House's strategy continues to be to put the onus on Republicans to come to the table on both issues, claiming that neither can be done until the GOP puts politics aside."

Elena Kagan rejected an "empathy" standards for judges: http://bit.ly/aH1pOg

Automatic 401(k) enrollment may actually hurt retirement savings, writes Howard Gleckman: "Mauricio and Barbara found that employer match rates are about 7 percentage points lower for opt-out plans. They can't say for sure whether auto enrollment causes lower match rates. But it sure is possible. After all, if more employees participate, their employers will have to spend more to match their contributions. Whatever the cause, it seems that while auto-enrollment may increase the number of workers with 401(k)s, it won't necessarily boost their retirement savings."

Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood is winning fights at the bully pulpit: http://bit.ly/bsVd5V

A study suggests most Americans want judges to demonstrate empathy, writes James Gibson: "In terms of the other expectations about which we asked, strong correlations are observed between the empathy expectation and the items about protecting people without power, listening to people when making decisions and making fair, not just legal, decisions. Clearly, these expectations reflect a contextualized view of judging, one in which strict legality is expected to take a back seat to fairness."

The Supreme Court upheld a lower court's affirmation of McCain-Feingold's "soft" money ban: http://bit.ly/c44mUd

90s cover interlude: Frightened Rabbit covers the Lemonheads' "Confetti".

Energy

Tony Hayward did not improve BP's safety record, report Guy Chazan, Benoit Faucon, and Ben Casselman: "A Wall Street Journal examination of internal BP documents, legal filings, official investigations and reports by federal inspectors, as well as interviews with regulators, shows a record that doesn't always match Mr. Hayward's reports of safety improvements. Since Mr. Hayward took over, BP has continued to spar with regulators over the same issues that got it into trouble before his tenure as CEO. Some of its refineries still get poor marks for safety. And four years after one of Alaska's worst oil spills, BP's pipelines there have continued to leak."

BP is considering an alternative to relief wells: http://nyti.ms/cZ5zOT

A court ruled the Energy Department must move ahead with the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste site, reports Matthew Wald: "The three-judge panel noted that the Energy Department was not claiming that Yucca was unsafe or that there was anything wrong with the 86,000-page application, but was saying only that the site was 'not a workable option.' The decision on Tuesday could be overruled by the five-member Nuclear Regulatory Commission itself. The commission is studying the order, said a commission spokesman, Eliot Brenner."

Even the best scientists find predicting the aftershocks of climate change difficult: http://bit.ly/ar9PhS

David Roberts thinks Jeff Bingaman's pronouncements on cap and trade's viability evade responsibility: "After all, when a powerful U.S. senator says 'there aren't 60 votes,' he's not just observing the political situation, he's shaping it. He is a player in the game, not a referee or a spectator. Every time he says there aren't enough votes, it reassures Republicans and wavering Dems that they'll have plenty of cover from the herd if they duck and run. It takes the pressure off."

Science is magical interlude: Self-folding origami.

Closing credits: Wonkbook compiled with the help of Dylan Matthews and Mike Shepard.


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