JACK HORKHEIMER, 72
Jack Horkheimer, 72, 'Star Gazer' and host of public TV astronomy show, dies
Tuesday, August 24, 2010
Jack Horkheimer, a playwright turned amateur astronomer who inspired millions of people to look a little closer at the nighttime sky with his pioneering planetarium shows and long-running public television show, "Jack Horkheimer: Star Gazer," died Aug. 20 in Miami of a respiratory ailment. He was 72.
Mr. Horkheimer was perhaps most widely known as the ever-enthusiastic, slightly bug-eyed host of his television show, originally called "Jack Horkheimer: Star Hustler," which ran for more than 30 years and offered naked-eye astronomy lessons in digestible doses.
He was still writing and hosting the weekly five-minute segment at the time of his death; prerecorded episodes scheduled to run through Sept. 5 are available on his Web site. Using plain language, cheesy animation and a trippy-spacey synthesized soundtrack, he deciphered constellations and explained everything from solar eclipses to the winter solstice.
"Greetings, greetings, fellow stargazers," was his signature introduction, delivered each week with caffeinated eagerness.
Often pictured perched on the cartoon rings of Saturn, Mr. Horkheimer also recounted age-old myths about the celestial realm. The constellation known as Lepus the hare, he reminded viewers in a 1986 episode, has been seen in the West as a "heavenly rabbit, huddled and cringing in fear in the grass beneath the feet of Orion the Hunter." Or, according to Chinese tradition, it is a rest stop in the sky -- in Mr. Horkheimer's terms, a "heavenly outhouse in the sweet bye and bye."
"If you've never heard this stuff before," he told Astronomy magazine in 2006, "it blows your little blue booties off because it's fun, fun, fun."
Millions of people each week watched the show, which aired on PBS and on the United States Information Agency's Worldnet. Mr. Horkheimer also organized stargazing parties and was a frequent commentator in the national media on comets, eclipses and other astronomical events. He called himself a science dramatist, not an astronomer, and was clear that his interest in outer space lay not so much in science as in more sweeping existential questions.
"Stargazing is all about where you are in time and space. The reason people get out their telescopes and attend star parties is because they are trying to peer out over the horizon to find their place in the universe," he told the Miami Herald in a 1982 profile. "If I can help them find that, that's all that matters."
Mr. Horkheimer served for 35 years as the director of the Space Transit Planetarium at the Miami Science Museum. He turned presentations there from academic lessons into whiz-bang shows that used music, metaphor and animation to explore the night sky and inspire curiosity about the heavens.
Tinkering with lasers and state-of-the-art projectors, he created images of floating, three-dimensional planets and other special effects. Among his award-winning presentations were "Child of the Universe," starring talk show host Sally Jessy Raphael as the voice of the solar system.
Mr. Horkheimer's early multimedia shows captured the imagination of young children and science-averse grown-ups alike, attracting wide audiences that helped make the planetarium a profit center for the Miami Science Museum. Planetarium directors around the world began to imitate his style.
"He changed the way that people thought about the use of planetaria," said Gillian Thomas, the museum's president and chief executive. "Jack was the first person to imagine it was an immersive experience that could take you beyond just what you see to look at the universe in a different way."