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Jimmy Carter gains release of U.S. activist Aijalon Gomes who was detained in North Korea

A top North Korean official confirmed to broadcaster APTN, Oct. 8, 2010, that Kim Jong Il's youngest son will succeed him as the next leader of the reclusive communist nation. In the first public confirmation of the succession plan, Yang Hyong Sop, a top official in North Korea's ruling party, referred to Kim Jong Un as "the young general."

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By Chico Harlan
Friday, August 27, 2010; 12:41 AM

TOKYO - Former president Jimmy Carter won the release Friday of an American citizen detained by North Korea for illegal entry. Aijalon Gomes, sentenced earlier this year to eight years of hard labor, was granted amnesty and permitted to return to the United States, according to the State Department. Carter, acting as a private citizen, visited Pyongyang to secure Gomes's release.

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"We welcome the release of Aijalon Mahli Gomes and are relieved that he will soon be safely reunited with his family," said P.J. Crowley, assistant secretary of state for public affairs. "We appreciate former president Carter's humanitarian effort and welcome North Korea's decision to grant Mr. Gomes special amnesty."

(More: Updated report on the succesful Jimmy Carter rescue mission here)

Gomes is expected to return to Boston, his home, on Friday afternoon. The 31-year-old activist, a frequent protester against human rights violations in North Korea, had been detained by Pyongyang since January, when he entered North Korea via China. Last month, North Korea reported that Gomes had attempted suicide. Several weeks ago, a U.S. envoy traveled to Pyongyang and tried unsuccessfully to bring Gomes home.

Gomes's release came as North Korean leader Kim Jong Il made a sudden trip to China on Thursday - only hours after Carter arrived in Pyongyang anticipating a meeting with the ailing chairman.

The fact that the North Korean leader made a rare foreign trip that overlapped with Carter's visit suggests the impoverished country is struggling with more pressing interests, analysts said. Kim must build support for an imminent power transfer to his son, and he needs China's help.

Meantime, according to North Korea watchers, Pyongyang is preoccupied with a delegates meeting - planned for two weeks from now - that could herald the rise of Kim's youngest son, Kim Jong Eun. The planned celebration comes as North Korea, cut off from most international aid and battered by floods, is dealing with food shortages and worsening economic conditions.

Those circumstances "make it impossible to create a festival mood for the succession," said Cheong Seong Chang, a North Korea expert at Seoul's Sejong Institute. According to Cheong, Kim's trip to China - his second since May - amounts to a plea for Chinese aid. China's answer might determine whether North Korea can hold its September meeting, Cheong said.

Neither North Korea nor China confirmed Kim's trip; typically, neither country reports such visits until they are over, citing security reasons. But an official in South Korea's presidential office said Kim left Manpo, North Korea, about midnight Wednesday. South Korean officials are uncertain whether Kim Jong Eun is accompanying his father, though several media reports said he was.

"If Kim Jong Eun went with him, that would be a sign that they're accelerating the transition and they're a little nervous," said a U.S. official in Seoul, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. "Because I think it's more logical that you'd roll him out domestically, then take him overseas."

The North Korean train procession stopped Thursday in the northeastern Chinese city of Jilin, where Kim Il Sung - North Korea's founder and Kim Jong Il's father - once attended school.According to an employee at Yuwen Middle School, teachers and students there were given the day off, except for the school president and the student chorus, which had been practicing a song about Kim Il Sung. The school was told to expect two large groups of North Korean visitors, the employee said.

When Carter arrived in Pyongyang on Wednesday, North Korea's party news agency released photos from the airport, where a girl gave the former president flowers. Carter then shared a "conversation in a warm atmosphere" with Kim Yong Nam, a Political Bureau leader. North Korea gave no indication, however, that Carter met with Kim Jong Il.

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