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Indian report accuses Pakistan's intelligence service of significant role in Mumbai siege

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The ISI, Headley said, was under "tremendous pressure to stop the integration of Kashmir-based outfits with Jihadi-based outfits" and hoped "to shift . . . the theatre of violence from the domestic soil of Pakistan to India."

The 109-page document - elements of which were reported in recent days by the British paper the Guardian and the New York Times and which was obtained by The Washington Post on Tuesday - relies on 34 hours of interrogation by Indian investigators.

U.S. officials refused to say whether Headley's accounts to American interrogators have been consistent with what he apparently told Indian investigators. Justice Department and FBI officials declined to comment, although members of both agencies were present during the questioning by Indian officials.

Headley, 50, was born Daood Gilani and later changed his name. Despite the skepticism from U.S. intelligence agencies, the Indian report includes significant detail on Headley's alleged interactions with the ISI. He identifies at least four ISI operatives by name or pseudonym and describes receiving travel funding and detailed intelligence training from the ISI.

The report "reinforces the sense that Pakistan is riding a jihadist Frankenstein," said Bruce Riedel, a former CIA analyst who led the Obama administration's initial review of its Afghanistan and Pakistan strategies. Given the level of detail in the Indian report, Riedel said, there appears to be "no question of an ISI role in Mumbai."

The report was leaked at an important time, about three weeks before President Obama is to visit India. India has been frustrated by the attention and financial support that Washington gives Pakistan. The United States has urged the two nations to restart talks over Kashmir in hopes that improved relations will help stabilize the region.

Meanwhile Tuesday, intelligence officials said the U.S. director of national intelligence will review Headley's handling. The decision by James R. Clapper Jr. to undertake the review comes after a ProPublica report in The Post on Sunday that Headley's wife told the FBI about his terrorist ties three years before the attacks. The director's office will also examine a 2007 incident, reported by the New York Times, in which another wife of Headley told officials at the U.S. Embassy in Pakistan that she thought he was a terrorist.

waxe@washpost.com millergreg@washpost.com

Miller reported from Washington. Correspondent David Nakamura and special correspondent Shaiq Hussain in Islamabad, Pakistan; special correspondent Khan Haq Nawaz in Peshawar, Pakistan; and Sebastian Rotella of ProPublica in Washington contributed to this report.


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