Unit sought to defend killing
Tuesday, October 26, 2010
Three days after they killed an Afghan cleric named Mullah Adahdad, members of a U.S. Army platoon returned to his village. Tribal elders had complained to Army officers that the cleric had been unarmed and that the May 2 shooting was a setup. The soldiers tried to convince them otherwise.
"This guy was shot because he took an aggressive action against coalition forces," 1st Lt. Stefan Moye, the platoon leader, explained to village residents in Qualaday, in Kandahar province. "We didn't just [expletive] come over here and just shoot him randomly. And we don't do that."
In fact, Army charging documents now allege, that's exactly what soldiers in the platoon did - in perhaps the gravest war crime charges to emerge from the nine-year Afghan conflict. According to the documents, the cleric's death culminated a months-long conspiracy in which members of a unit of the 5th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division randomly targeted and killed three unarmed Afghan men, dismembered corpses and posed for grisly photographs with their victims.
The attempts to defend the May 2 shooting are detailed in previously undisclosed audio recordings made by a photojournalist embedded with the unit. The recordings, obtained by The Washington Post, demonstrate the extent to which the platoon was concerned about how the killing was perceived among Afghans.
But the recordings also raise questions about why Army commanders did not take those suspicions seriously and failed to notice broader signs of trouble in the platoon until a member of the unit, under investigation for hashish use, tipped off military police.
Moye - who has not been charged in connection with the shooting - insisted to villagers in blunt language that members of his platoon had killed the cleric only after he attacked them with a Russian grenade, a version that Army investigators now allege was concocted by other soldiers to cover up the crime.
"Not only is it important that you understand that, but that you tell everybody," Moye said, according to the audio recordings. "Because this is the type of stuff the Taliban likes to use against us and [expletive] try to recruit people to fight against us."
Documents from the Army's Criminal Investigations Command show that military investigators later learned that the photojournalist, Max Becherer, had been with the Stryker platoon on May 5 and had recorded soldiers' conversations. Army special agents conducting the killing investigation realized Becherer might possess key evidence: recordings of platoon members at the scene of one of the alleged crimes.
But the documents also show that a higher-ranking officer in the Criminal Investigations Command, Lt. Col. Robert McNeil, ordered special agents not to contact Becherer. The reason: concerns that notifying the journalist might disrupt the serial killing probe, which the Army had sought to keep tightly under wraps.
McNeil decided on June 12 that "the probative value of any information" that Becherer might have "does not out way [sic] the possible negative impact contacting him may have on this investigation," according to summary logs of the Army's criminal investigation.
After seeing Becherer's name in the documents, The Washington Post independently contacted him and obtained his audio recordings. The photojournalist, currently embedded with another Army unit in Afghanistan, said the Army never contacted him and that he had been unaware his materials were considered potential evidence in the case.
Christopher P. Grey, a spokesman for the Army's Criminal Investigations Command at Fort Belvoir, Va., said special agents did not contact Becherer because he was only embedded with the unit after the May 2 killing.