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Obama administration's sex-ed program criticized by both sides of abstinence debate
But after studying the programs that won funding, critics of abstinence programs expressed dismay at the inclusion of curricula they consider discredited. Twelve grants totalling more than $9.3 million went to abstinence programs, according to HHS.
"They are funding programs that censor information about condoms and birth control and have elements that are clearly ideological and not science-based," said James Wagoner of Advocates for Youth, a Washington advocacy group. For example, Live the Life Ministries of Tallahassee received $891,533 to try the WAIT Training abstinence program on 5,500 students in middle and high schools in 14 Florida counties.
"The problem is that this program is ineffective and withholds important information from young people," said Monica Rodriguez, head of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, a nonprofit research and advocacy group. "There is very little information about condoms or other forms of contraception, and what information is there is biased and skewed towards portraying them in a negative light."
Wagoner and others also criticized a $933,907 grant to Lighthouse Outreach in Hampton, Va., which plans to use the Choosing the Best curriculum to target 2,600 youths ages 10 to 19. Critics say the program includes misleading information about condoms and asks teens to make "virginity pledges."
"I think the Obama administration is stretching the limits so it can 'give something to the other side,' " Wagoner said, noting that the health-care overhaul legislation included $50 million a year for five years for abstinence funding. "Young people will end up paying the price."
Wagoner and others expressed concern about some of the more than $1 million awarded to the Women's Clinic of Kansas City, Mo. The clinic is one of the "pregnancy crisis centers" that have been denounced by reproductive rights supporters who say they proselytize to pregnant women about the evils of abortion.
Abstinence proponents said they were disappointed by the small number of abstinence programs that received funding, saying they had identified just five "authentic" abstinence programs receiving less than $5 million. Under the Bush administration, 169 abstinence programs were funded to serve more than 1 million students, and those programs face extinction, said Valerie Huber of the National Abstinence Education Association.
"We're very disappointed," she said. "Obviously, this policy change has taken away all emphasis on avoidance. A paltry number of abstinence programs were funded, neither giving priority to a risk-avoidance message nor giving equality to this message."
Officials at some of the groups singled out by critics defended their programs, saying that they were required to provide "medically accurate" information about contraception and that it would be carefully evaluated by independent researchers.
"The goal is to come up with a road map for your life. What are your hopes and dreams? And how might sexual activity derail that?" said Richard Albertson, who heads Live the Life Ministries. "We want you to do things in the right order: Finish your education, postpone sexual activity until marriage, and then don't get married when you are a teenager."
"Our program is not going to be pro-choice or pro-life," said Deborah Neel, executive director of the Women's Clinic. "If they come into our center, we don't say abortion is not an option. That's stupid, because abortion is legal. But the thing is, you have to provide abortion education and abortion alternatives. You have to show the full range of choices."
Joyce Richardson, project director for Lighthouse Outreach, said that the program does not teach students how to use condoms or other forms of contraception but focuses on how often they fail. But she said the information is balanced and accurate.
"We do teach them about the effectiveness rate, or lack thereof," she said.
Parrott said that the programs trying to replicate proven curricula are required to follow the approved courses and that those trying new approaches must undergo independent evaluation.
"I think we have the appropriate oversight in place," she said. "I think this is an opportunity for a broad range of programs to attack a really important problem."