Kyrgyz contracts fly under the radar

By Andrew Higgins
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, November 1, 2010; 5:37 PM

IN BISHKEK, KYRGYZSTAN When U.S. troops moved into Afghanistan in 2001, Douglas Edelman already had a foothold in Central Asia. He'd opened a bar and hamburger joint here in the capital of Kyrgyzstan, the crumbling, outer rim of the former Soviet empire.

Today, his fortunes turbo-charged by war, the 58-year-old Californian, along with a young Kyrgyz partner, controls a multinational jet fuel business that has received Pentagon contracts worth nearly $3 billion, according to current and former employees.

The contracts have kept U.S. warplanes flying over Afghanistan and helped the Pentagon skirt increasingly hazardous supply routes through Pakistan. But nurtured by retired U.S. military and intelligence officers, the jet fuel deals have generated a thick fog of mystery that has flummoxed competitors, and the White House.

Congressional investigators have spent six months digging into single-source Pentagon contracts, the possibly illegal diversion of Russian fuel and Kyrgyz claims of backroom deals, which have soured ties with a crucial U.S. ally.

The below-the-radar rise of Mina Corp. and Red Star Enterprises - whose ownership, operations and even office locations are shrouded in secrecy - shows how nearly a decade of war has not only boosted the bottom line of corporate behemoths but also enriched unknown upstarts.

In just eight years, Mina and Red Star - both registered in Gibraltar and run by the same people - have come from nowhere to become a key link in the U.S. military's supply chain. They have beaten out established rivals to supply nearly a billion gallons of jet fuel to a U.S. Air Force base here in Kyrgyzstan, a vital staging post for the Afghan conflict, and also to American warplanes at Bagram air base in Afghanistan.

Without their supplies, the U.S. war effort would quickly grind to a halt. All American troops enter and leave Afghanistan on U.S. transport planes fueled by Mina in Kyrgyzstan. The firm also provides jet fuel for a fleet of C-135 aero-tankers that perform more than a third of all in-flight refueling operations over Afghanistan. Vast underground storage tanks built by Red Star at Bagram hold five Olympic-size swimming pools worth of jet fuel, the biggest such facility by far in the war zone.

The companies themselves, however, are largely invisible. In dealings with the Pentagon, they have used addresses in Toronto, London and Gibraltar, each apparently little more than a mail drop. Edelman, the former bar owner, who now lives in London, is so elusive that even congressional investigators probing the jet fuel deals have not managed to talk to him. He did not comply with a July subpoena from the House Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, according to people close to the probe.

Contract flaws

Keeping a low profile, said Edelman's 35-year-old Kyrgyz partner, Erkin Bekbolotov, in his first media interview, is "the key to success in countries where there is hostility to the U.S." Mina and Red Star, said Bekbolotov, who did meet with the subcommittee, "have done a fantastic job."

He declined to comment on ownership or earnings, saying only that the companies make "a reasonable profit." Edelman, he added, is merely a "part-time adviser."

Yet people familiar with the business say Edelman, originally from Stockton, Calif., has a controlling interest in at least half of Mina and Red Star. Bekbolotov owns the rest. The companies said Edelman was not available for an interview.

Bewildered - and also jealous - competitors whisper that the companies are perhaps the Afghan conflict's version of Air America, a nominally private airline run covertly by the Central Intelligence Agency during the Vietnam War.

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