Change proposed for Metro WMATA board
Saturday, December 18, 2010; 5:03 PM
Name three members of the Metro board of directors. Not many riders can. Commuters interact far more often with station managers and bus drivers than with the people who set policy. When riders comment to Dr. Gridlock about the board members' performance, they are most likely to say they just want those people to share their pain on the trains and buses before they make decisions about the frequency of eight-car trains or the maintenance of escalators.
Yet the widespread feeling that the transit system is in trouble has led some regional leaders and rider advocates to propose changes in the way Metro has always been governed. Here's a look at what's going on.
Two new proposals
Proposals for change have come from the Governance Task Force set up by the Greater Washington Board of Trade and the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments and separately from the Metro Riders' Advisory Council. Neither group has the power to implement its ideas. That would be up to the Maryland, Virginia, District and federal governments.
When the Metro compact was created in 1966, local leaders were focused on building train lines to get federal workers in and out of the District. Today, the transit authority isn't building train lines. It's largely in the business of operating and maintaining what it has. So one question behind some of the proposals is: Does the governance structure for a construction agency meet the needs of a service agency?
The Metro compact provided that no two jurisdictions could gang up on the other in setting transit policy. Policy decisions are made by majority vote, but the majority must include at least one voting member from each jurisdiction. This comes into play most prominently when the board is making decisions about fare increases and proposed service cuts. Critics of Metro operations now ask if the jurisdictional veto is inhibiting needed changes.
The two reports examined these ideas and sometimes came to different conclusions.
Task force findings
The report expresses concern that "Metro's troubling decline in performance will continue unless fundamental changes are made to improve governance, leadership, and accountability."
l What may have been an appropriate governance structure for building a new transit system is not appropriate to operate today's mature system.
l Board members, appointed to undefined terms, are not selected in a uniform manner. The method of selecting the chairman is not designed to provide strong leadership.
l The jurisdictional veto, or at least the threat of it, does not encourage effective decision making. The governance structure does not promote accountability or regional cohesion.
l The jurisdictions should form a WMATA Governance Commission to change Metro's governance structure and hold the board accountable for its performance. This commission should clearly define the board's responsibilities and set a uniform description of the board members' role.
l Board members, who have no defined terms, should instead serve staggered four-year terms, with a maximum of one renewal.