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2010 Census results: Winners, losers and everyone in between


The U.S. Census Bureau released this video explaining the reapportionment process.

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washingtonpost.com
Tuesday, December 21, 2010; 3:02 PM

The 2010 Census data was released today and the reapportionment of congressional districts alone is attracting attention, as PostPolitics reported:

Republican-leaning states in the South and West that experienced a population boom over the past decade will gain political clout, while some historically Democratic states in the Rust Belt will lose it, according to Census Bureau figures released Tuesday aimed at ensuring proportional representation in the House.

Eight states will gain congressional districts, including five that backed Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) for president two years ago. The big winner was Texas, a state that routinely backs Republicans for president. Its population has swelled by about 21 percent since 2000 and as a result will add four House seats.

See the Census 2010 map: Who is switching seats?

As Bloomberg reported the reapportionment will place Hispanics in states like Texas in a greater position of power in elections to come:

Texas emerged today with the biggest political boost from the 2010 Census, adding four congressional seats as a growing Hispanic population is set to challenge Republican party dominance in some districts, lawmakers said.

Growth since 2000 in the second most-populous state gave Texas 36 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, up from 32, the largest gain of any state, Census figures show. The increase raises the stakes for Republicans, who have dominated the Austin statehouse since 2002 and will draw the new district lines.

In Texas, Latinos have tended to back Democrats, said U.S. Representative Gene Green, a Houston Democrat, and Blake Farenthold, a Brownsville Republican. While Hispanics make up about 37 percent of the population, Republicans hold all statewide elective offices.

Conversely several northeastern states which trend Democratic will lose seats after the 2010 Census. As Greg Giroux and Tomothy Homan explained:

New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania will lose political influence in Congress over the next decade, as job losses in the region contributed to slower population growth, according to government data released today.

New York will have 27 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, down from 29 seats, the Census Bureau said in Washington. The agency's state-by-state headcounts for 2010 determine reapportionment of the 435 seats in the House, one of the two chambers in Congress.

The slowing pace of population growth in the Northeast is a decades-long trend spurred in part by the decline of manufacturing jobs in the region. The faster-growing South and West regions will gain additional House seats, as companies have been shifting jobs there in response to financial incentives by state and local governments and the lack of strong labor unions.

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