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Post 200: Nonprofits

Monday, December 27, 2010; 35

International development, relief and advocacy groups help make up the list of Washington's largest nonprofit organizations in The Post 200. We selected the largest based on the amount of money they spend on programs, following an analysis by the research firm GuideStar USA. The nonprofits are listed alphabetically here.

AARP

601 E St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20049

202-434-2277

www.aarp.org

Founded: 1958

CEO: A. Barry Rand

Employees (local): 2,190 (1,200)

It was a busy year for the AARP in Washington, where health-care legislation, a scheduled payment cut to doctors that accept Medicare, efforts to reduce Medicare fraud and other congressional issues that affect older Americans were on the table. The organization supported the health-care overhaul. Once it was signed into law, the AARP issued bulletins and launched an online information center to help its consumers discern how the new law might affect their health-care coverage. It was likewise successful in the passage of the Medicare and Medicaid Extenders Act of 2010, and the organization praised Congress for forestalling cuts in Medicare reimbursement rates for one more year.

Academy for Educational Development

1825 Connecticut Ave. NW

Washington, D.C. 20009

202-884-8000

www.aed.org

Founded: 1961

CEO: George Ingram

Employees (local): 3,058 (854)

AED collaborates with local and national partners to implement education, health and economic development programs in all 50 U.S. states and more than 150 countries. Major initiatives in 2010 included a $28 million contract from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to develop a preventative media campaign on obesity and tobacco use and the development of a system called GATHERdata, which transmits information about specific programs worldwide via cellphone. The year closed with USAID's Office of Inspector General launching an investigation into AED projects in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The organization said it is cooperating with the probe.

American Chemical Society

1155 16th St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20036

202-872-4600

www.acs.org

Founded: 1876

CEO: Madeleine Jacobs

Employees (local): 2,068 (531)

The largest scientific society ramped up its outreach efforts in 2010, developing an iPhone app that delivers fast-breaking research reports, posting popular videos on the chemistry of hangovers and the Thanksgiving holiday, and hosting webinars on topics as diverse as online monitoring of water and waste water and crowd-sourcing and innovation in science. After funding two Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureates in 2010, ACS is now gearing up for the International Year of Chemistry in 2011.

American Institutes for Research

1000 Thomas Jefferson St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20007

202-403-5000

www.air.org

Founded: 1946

CEO: David Myers

Employees (local): 1,650 (765)

The institute's mission is to use science to find ways to enhance daily life, which includes encouraging innovation in classrooms, developing testing and assessment services, researching health policy, ensuring access to education abroad and promoting workforce development. Projects in 2010 included building a school in Nicaragua and assisting with the rebuilding of education infrastructure in Haiti. The organization's experts released studies and findings about racial achievement gaps, elementary school performance in California and an analysis that examined state and federal money spent supporting students who dropped out of higher learning institutions by their sophomore year.

American National Red Cross

1730 E St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20006

202-728-6400

www.redcross.org

Founded: 1881

President and CEO: Gail J. McGovern

Employees (local): 33,824 (1,187)

Earthquakes, tsunamis, heavy rain, hurricanes and floods all demanded the attention of the Red Cross in 2010, which began with a devastating earthquake in Haiti. The organization mobilized its fundraising efforts to respond to the quake, developing a successful text-message donation program that allowed cellphone users to tack small donations onto their monthly bills. As of Sept. 30, the Red Cross had raised more than $476 million for disaster relief in the region, where survivors continue to experience infrastructure problems, homelessness and cholera outbreaks.

Corporation for Public Broadcasting

401 Ninth St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20004

202-879-9600

www.cpb.org

Founded: 1967

President and CEO: Patricia Harrison

Employees (local): 118 (118)

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting focused its efforts on strengthening the nation's journalism infrastructure this year, launching a new initiative in March that established seven ìlocal journalism centersî that will produce original, multimedia news coverage for National Public Radio and Public Broadcasting System affiliates. Additional grants included funding to expand the PBS program ìFrontlineî and $538,000 to the Louisiana Public Broadcasting to cover the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

Legal Services Corp.

3333 K St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20007

202-295-1500

www.lsc.gov

Founded: 1974

President: Victor M. Fortuno

Employees (local): 125 (125)

Legal Services Corp. distributes 95 percent of its funding to 136 independent, nonprofit legal aid programs across the country, and in 2010 those programs continued to be in need. The economic recession and the related rise in unemployment have stressed the resources of the LSC the past few years, with one report showing its foreclosure assistance programs are forced to turn away two people for every client they serve. The organization scored a slight victory when the House and Senate both approved modest budget increases for the next fiscal year. In addition, LSC formed a fiscal oversight task force that will examine how it oversees grantees; the report is expected early next year.

National Geographic Society

1145 17th St. NW

Washington, D.C. 20036

800-647-5463

www.nationalgeographic.com

Founded: 1888

CEO: John Fahey

Employees (local): 947 (903)

The world's largest nonprofit society devoted to science and education continued its mission to encourage scientific curiosity in 2010 by funding expeditions, explorations and research, including handing $10,000 grants to a group of 14 ìemerging explorersî that included a mobile technology innovator, a musician and activist, and a herpetologist. One expedition funded by the society discovered a new language in India. Another whose results were announced in 2010 discovered new species in the remote islands of Indonesian New Guinea that included a ìgargoyle-faced geckoî and the world's smallest wallaby. The society's theme for the fall was migrations, which included a seven-part television series.

Neighborhood Reinvestment Corp.

1325 G St. NW

Suite 800

Washington, D.C. 20005

202-220-2300

www.nw.org

Founded: 1978

Interim CEO: Eileen Fitzgerald

Employees (local): 322 (182)

Affordable housing is the focus of the nonprofit, which goes by the name NeighborWorks America. It assists more than 230 community development organizations in all 50 states, the District and Puerto Rico. Over the past 10 years, it has doled out more than $18.1 billion and ramped up its efforts during the recent economic and housing crises. The organization announced it would distribute $119 million in 2010, focusing on identifying and educating consumers about loan-modification programs, counseling homeowners at risk of foreclosure and studying the impact of the housing crisis on minorities.

Population Services International

1120 19th St. NW

Suite 600

Washington, D.C. 20036

202-785-0072

www.psi.org

Founded: 1970

President and CEO: Karl Hofmann

Employees (local): 8,000 (208)

PSI targets malaria, child survival and reproductive health issues. Major projects in 2010 included getting safe water to earthquake-stricken Haitians, promoting male circumcision as a way to fight HIV and AIDS, and launching a youth-radio program in Rwanda. Celebrity spokespeople such as singer-songwriter Mandy Moore were enlisted to promote the organization's programs here and abroad, visiting Capitol Hill to call for increased access to safe drinking water in the developing world and distributing insecticide-treated mosquito nets to families in the Central African Republic.

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