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Denis Dutton, Internet trailblazer and founder of Arts & Letters Daily, dies at 66
A robust exchange of ideas was the daily bread during Dr. Dutton's youth. The second of four children, he was born in Los Angeles on Feb. 9, 1944, and grew up in North Hollywood.
His parents had long dreamed of running a bookstore, and in 1961 risked their life savings to open Dutton's Books.
Besides two brothers and a sister, survivors include his wife, Margit; and two children, Ben and Sonia.
After graduating from North Hollywood High School, Dr. Dutton studied philosophy at the University of California at Santa Barbara, where he received a bachelor's degree in 1966 and a doctorate in 1973.
In between degrees, he went to India with the Peace Corps, where he learned to play sitar from a student of Ravi Shankar. He taught philosophy at the University of Michigan from 1973 to 1984, when he moved to the University of Canterbury.
In the mid-1990s, Dr. Dutton started the Bad Writing Contest to expose "pretentious, swaggering gibberish" passed off as scholarship at leading universities. It drew about 70 entries a year, singling out for its dubious honors such well-known academics as feminist theorist Judith Butler and literary critic Fredric Jameson.
The "winners" were announced in his journal, Philosophy and Literature, in which Dr. Dutton could be brutal in his comments; he described Jameson, for instance, as a man who "finds it difficult to write intelligibly and impossible to write well."
He had been at the University of Canterbury for more than a dozen years when he came up with an idea for an Internet service that would trawl the Web for the best intellectual content and guide readers to the sources. "A daily reading list - with attitude," as he later described it.
On its first day, Arts & Letters Daily attracted about 300 visitors. Now it averages 120,000 views a day. The London Observer rated it the world's top Web site; Wired magazine called it a "lusciously fat, slobbering intellectual's site." In 2005, Time proclaimed Dr. Dutton one of the "most influential media personalities in the world."
His creation became the home page of choice for thousands of academics, Washington policymakers and writers as politically disparate as Norman Podhoretz and Eric Alterman. Harvard University evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker said Dr. Dutton was a visionary for recognizing that a Web site "could be a forum for cutting-edge ideas, not just a way to sell things or entertain the bored."
It ran aground financially a few times but was quickly rescued, first by Lingua Franca magazine, which bought it in 1999; and, after Lingua Franca went bankrupt, by the Washington-based weekly Chronicle of Higher Education in 2002.
Dr. Dutton ran the portal with a tiny staff scattered across several time zones. Fans worried about the future of the Web site were reassured last week by Phil Semas, the Chronicle's president and editor-in chief.
"Denis was the creative force behind Arts & Letters Daily and wrote all the items on the page himself, even when he was on vacation," Semas said in a statement on the Chronicle's Web site. "He is nearly irreplaceable. Even so, we intend to continue Arts & Letters Daily in the spirit in which Denis created and nurtured it."
- Los Angeles Times