'King's Speech' shines spotlight on stuttering
Colin Firth's performance as the stuttering prince who ascended to England's throne in 1936 and overcame his handicap to address the British people on live radio during World War II has generated talk of an Academy Award or two for "The King's Speech."
But the movie's portrayal of the man who would become King George VI and his relationship with his Australian speech therapist, Lionel Logue, has also generated unprecedented awareness of stuttering and the therapists who treat it.
"This movie has done in one fell swoop what we've been working on for 64 years," said Jane Fraser, president of the Stuttering Foundation, founded by her father in 1947.
"It's great," said Jim Tsiamtsiouris, a specialist in the treatment of stuttering and an assistant professor in the department of communication disorders at William Paterson University. "It's put the spotlight front and center on speech therapy."
His department graduates about 20 master's-level speech and language pathologists a year, and the university's speech and hearing clinic provides therapy to about 200 New Jersey families, including 10 with children who stutter.
The movie depicts Prince Albert's debilitating stammer and his attempts to cure it.
Speech therapists are thrilled with the accuracy of Firth's portrayal of stuttering. The actor, Fraser said, "was so interested in getting the stutter right, and getting that feeling inside himself of that inconsolable despair that those who stutter feel."
In "The King's Speech," she added, "nobody is promising a cure. It's all about getting through your duties in life."
Fraser says King George VI was the only role model her father had in the 1940s. Malcolm Fraser, who started the auto-parts business Genuine Parts with his brother in 1928, stuttered severely from an early age. In a classic avoidance strategy, he declined to lead the business because it was "too much pressure," she said.
But Bertie, as Prince Albert was known before he became King George VI, couldn't refuse when his older brother abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson. "He couldn't say, 'Let the other guy do it,' " said Fraser, whose foundation is based in Memphis.
About 3 million Americans - 1 percent of the population - stutter. "In the '40s, it was common to think stuttering was a psychological or learned behavior," Tsiamtsiouris said. "Now, we don't think that way."
Scientists recently identified a genetic link for nearly 10 percent of cases.
"Early intervention is key," Tsiamtsiouris said, "in terms of minimizing the impact stuttering may have and facilitating recovery."
That intervention succeeded with Nick Polidoro, 5, of Bloomfield, N.J., whose kindergarten teacher told his parents that his stutter has been undetectable since he started school in September. He's had weekly sessions with a speech therapist since he was 3, when his stammering became very noticeable, said his mother, Jody Polidoro.
"Unless you're a parent you can't understand. I was crying on a daily basis," she said.
Now Nick has learned how to get himself out of the repetitive sounds of what he calls "bumpy speech."
People who stutter often change their lives to avoid situations that will make it obvious. They may avoid speaking situations or find ways not to use the sounds that are most difficult to produce, by choosing not to order f-f-fish in a restaurant, for example. One of Tsiamtsiouris's adult patients, for example, became a computer programmer because he thought that job would not require him to talk.
Tsiamtsiouris himself was a stutterer, which led to his specialization in the field. He is one of about 1,000 speech-language pathologists nationwide who specialize in treating stutterers.
"I avoided lots and lots of situations," he said. "I couldn't use the phone until I was in my 20s."
Stuttering usually appears between ages 2 and 5, and about 5 percent of all children go through a period of stuttering that lasts six months or more. Most recover by late childhood.
Girls are more likely to outgrow it than boys. At age 2, 60 percent of those who stutter are boys, whereas at age 3, 75 percent are boys.
"One thing we know for sure, is that stuttering affects people of all classes and economic backgrounds," Tsiamtsiouris said. "Here is this person - King George VI - who had everything, and he stuttered."